Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

SNAP Benefits: Improve nutrition of low-income households by ensuring access to nutritious, healthful diets through the provision of nutrition education and nutrition assistance through the issuance of monthly benefits for the purchase of food at authorized retailers.

Contingency Fund:
Placed in reserve for use only in such amounts and at such times as may be necessary to carry out program operations.

Enables the program to react to shifts in program need that we not anticipated at the time of a budget request.

ARRA: This project ended in FY14.

Healthy Incentive Pilot: This project ended in FY14.

The purpose was to determine if incentives provided to SNAP recipients at the point-of-sale increase the purchase of fruits, vegetables or other healthful foods.
Related Programs10.566 Nutrition Assistance For Puerto Rico; 10.567 Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations

Agency - Department of Agriculture

Established in 1862, the Department of Agriculture serves all Americans through anti-hunger efforts, stewardship of nearly 200 million acres of national forest and rangelands, and through product safety and conservation efforts. The USDA opens markets for American farmers and ranchers and provides food for needy people around the world.

Office - See Regional Agency Offices.

See the Food and Nutrition Service Regional Offices listed in Appendix IV of the Catalog.



Selected Recipients for this Program


RecipientAmount Start DateEnd Date
Cnmi Department Of Community And Cultural Affairs (dcca) $ 3,037,000   2018-10-012019-09-30
Kansas Department For Children And Families $ 2,011   2017-10-012018-09-30
Temporary & Disability Assistance, New York Office Of $ 2,526   2017-10-012018-09-30
Human Services, Iowa Department Of $ 1,943   2017-10-012018-09-30
Workforce Services, Utah Dept Of $ 2,117   2017-10-012018-09-30
Human Services, Colorado Department Of $ 2,549   2017-10-012018-09-30
Social Services, Connecticut Department Of $ 2,123   2017-10-012018-09-30
Health And Human Services, Maine Department Of $ 2,714   2017-10-012018-09-30
Human Services, Vermont Agency Of $ 2,353   2017-10-012018-09-30
Human Services, New Mexico Department Of $ 2,056   2017-10-012018-09-30



Program Accomplishments

Not Applicable.

Uses and Use Restrictions

SNAP Benefits: Households receive Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits for the purchase of food at authorized retailers and use an electronic benefit transfer (EBT) card, which operates like a debit card, to redeem benefits at authorized retailers.

The amount of benefits varies according to household size, expenses, and income.

Contingency Fund: Placed in reserve for use only in such amounts and at such times as may be necessary to carry out program operations.

Enables the program to react to shifts in program need that we not anticipated at the time of a budget request. ARRA: This project ended in FY14. Healthy Incentive Pilot: This project ended in FY14.

The purpose was to determine if incentives provided to SNAP recipients at the point-of-sale increase the purchase of fruits, vegetables or other healthful foods.

Recipients may only purchase food with their benefits and only from authorized retailers.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

SNAP Benefits: SNAP is a Federal program administered by the States.

The State or U.S.

Territory agency responsible for Federally aided public assistance programs submits requests for funding to USDA's Food and Nutrition Service. Contingency Fund: Placed in reserve for use only in such amounts and at such times as may be necessary to carry out program operations.

Enables the program to react to shifts in program need that we not anticipated at the time of a budget request. ARRA: This project ended in FY14. Healthy Incentive Pilot: This project ended in FY14.

The purpose was to determine if incentives provided to SNAP recipients at the point-of-sale increase the purchase of fruits, vegetables or other healthful foods.

Beneficiary Eligibility

Applications for SNAP are made through a local social services agency which determines eligibility and benefit amount. Eligibility is based on household size, income, and expenses. Eligibility is also based on assets, citizenship or legal immigration status, and other factors. A gross income test is based on 130 percent of the poverty line, and the net income (after expenses) test is based on 100 percent of the poverty line. Households with elderly and disabled members need only meet the net income test. The resource limit is $2,250 ($3,250 for a household with an elderly or disabled member). A total of 42 States use broad-based categorical eligibility to align the resource limits and gross income limits with other mean tested programs. Able-bodied adults with certain limited exceptions must meet a work requirement or face time limits on participation.

Credentials/Documentation

Eligibility is determined by local social service offices based on National eligibility standards. Households must provide verification of identity, income, and resources. This program is excluded from coverage under 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Preapplication coordination is not applicable.

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.

12372.

Application Procedures

2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. The Food and Nutrition Act of 2008, as amended, requires each State agency to submit to the Food and Nutrition Service for approval, a plan of operation specifying the manner in which SNAP will be conducted in every political subdivision within the State.

Award Procedures

The Secretary of Agriculture approves State plans of operation submitted by the State agency that operates public assistance programs.

Deadlines

Not Applicable.

Authorization

Food, Conservation and Energy Act of 2008; Food and Nutrition Act of 1977, as amended, Public Law 95- 113, 91 Stat. 958, 7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.; Public Law 95-348, Public Law 96-58, Public Law 96-249, Public Law 97-35; Public Law 97-98; Public Law 97-253, Public Law 98-204, Public Law 98-369; Public Law 99-198, Public Law 99-425; Public Law 99-498, Public Law 99-603, Public Law 100-77, Public Law 100-175, Public Law 100-232, Public Law 100-387, Public Law 100-435, Public Law 100-503, Public Law 100-707, Public Law 101-202; Public Law 101-392; Public Law 101-508; Public Law 101-624; Public Law 102-237; Public Law 102-265; Public Law 102-325; Public Law 103-31; Public Law 103-66; Public Law 103-225; Public Law 103-286; Public Law 103-296; Public Law 104-66; Public Law 104-127; Public Law 104-193; Public Law 104-208; Public Law 105-18; Public Law 105-33; Public Law 105-185; Public Law 105-379; Public Law 106-171; Public Law 106-387; Public Law 107-171; Public Law 110-161; Public Law 110-246; American Recovery Act and Reinvestment Act of 2009, Public Law 111-5; Healthy Hunger Free Kids Act, Public Law 111-296; American Taxpayer Relief Act, Public Law 112-240; Agricultural Act of 2014.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Full implementation of the Nationwide mandate was completed in fiscal year 1975, except for certain Indian reservations which continued in the Food Distribution Program.

Appeals

Other - Not Specified.

Renewals

Program continues once approved, unless there is a substantial failure to comply with regulations or withdrawal on the part of the State.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

This program has no statutory formula. This program has no matching requirements. Necessary, reasonable, and allowable administrative expenses by State agencies are reimbursed by the Federal government at approximately 50 percent. MOE requirements are not applicable to this program.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Length of assistance period varies and time phasing is not applicable. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Monthly allotments are made available to eligible individuals and households through EBT cards which operate like debit cards.

Post Assistance Requirements

Reports

Annual budget summary statements; monthly and annual quality control reports; quarterly financial status report; quarterly report on claims against households; monthly issuance reconciliation report; monthly issuance and participation estimates; report of disqualified recipients; and cumulative totals for the fiscal year.

Quarterly financial status report; quarterly report on claims against households; monthly issuance reconciliation report are all required.

Monthly and annual quality control reports; quarterly financial status report; quarterly report on claims against households; monthly issuance reconciliation report; monthly issuance and participation estimates; report of disqualified recipients.

Quarterly financial status report; quarterly report on claims against households; monthly issuance reconciliation report; monthly issuance and participation estimates; and cumulative totals for the fiscal year.

Monthly and annual quality control reports; quarterly financial status report; quarterly report on claims against households; monthly issuance reconciliation report; monthly issuance and participation estimates; report of disqualified recipients; and cumulative totals for the fiscal year.

Audits

In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503. Programs operated by the State or on behalf of the State are subject to audit by Office of Inspector General, USDA.

Records

Records of households certified, benefits issued, and records relating to any financial transaction are required and must be maintained for 3 years.

Financial Information

Account Identification

12-3505-0-1-605.

Obigations

(Salaries) FY 16 Not Available; FY 17 est $5,000,000,000; and FY 18 Estimate Not Available - Contingency Fund: Placed in reserve for use only in such amounts and at such times as may be necessary to carry out program operations. Enables the program to react to shifts in program need that we not anticipated at the time of a budget request. (Formula Grants) FY 16 $0; FY 17 est $0; and FY 18 est $0 - ARRA: Provided benefits. This project ended in FY14. (Formula Grants) FY 16 Not Available; FY 17 est $68,801,122,000; and FY 18 Estimate Not Available - SNAP Benefits: Improve nutrition of low-income households by ensuring access to nutritious, healthful diets through the provision of nutrition education and nutrition assistance through the issuance of monthly benefits for the purchase of food at authorized retailers. (Project Grants) FY 16 $0; FY 17 est $0; and FY 18 est $0 - Healthy Incentive Pilot: This project ended in FY13. The purpose was to determine if incentives provided to SNAP recipients at the point-of-sale increase the purchase of fruits, vegetables or other healthful foods.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

Varies by income and household size. The average benefit for a household of 4 in FY15 was $257.73.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

7 CFR 271-282. Additional publications may be available at www.fns.usda.gov/snap.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

See Regional Agency Offices. See the Food and Nutrition Service Regional Offices listed in Appendix IV of the Catalog.

Headquarters Office

Jessica Shahin Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, Food and Nutrition Service, Department of Agriculture, 3101 Park Center Dr., Alexandria, Virginia 22302 Email: Jessica.Shahin@fns.usda.gov Phone: (703) 305-2022. Fax: (703) 305-2454.

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Not Applicable.



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