Established in 1862, the Department of Agriculture serves all Americans through anti-hunger efforts, stewardship of nearly 200 million acres of national forest and rangelands, and through product safety and conservation efforts. The USDA opens markets for American farmers and ranchers and provides food for needy people around the world.
Fiscal Year 2016: Approximately 2.45 billion breakfasts were served in FY 2016, slightly more than the 2.33 billion breakfasts served in FY 2015. Fiscal Year 2017: Current estimate for FY 2017 is 2.54 billion breakfasts served. Fiscal Year 2018: The total number of breakfasts served in FY 2018 is projected to be 2.64 billion, an increase of 96.3 million (or 3.8 percent) over the current estimate for FY 2017.
Uses and Use Restrictions
Federally appropriated School Breakfast Program funds are available to each State agency to reimburse participating public and nonprofit private schools, of high school grade and under, including residential child care institutions, for providing nutritious breakfasts to eligible children.
The breakfasts offered must meet the nutritional requirements prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture in order to be reimbursable.
The rates of reimbursement are adjusted on an annual basis to reflect changes in the Food Away From Home series of the Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers.
All participating schools must agree to serve free and reduced price meals to eligible children.
Please refer to regulations: 7 CFR Part 220 -- School Breakfast Program; 7 CFR Part 235 -- State Administrative Expense; 7 CFR Part 245 -- Free and Reduced Price Eligibility.
States, including the District of Columbia and U.S.
Territories, as applicable, may apply to administer the SBP and work in collaboration with public and nonprofit private schools and other institutions for children, such as public and nonprofit private residential child care institutions.
All participating schools and institutions must agree to serve free and reduced price meals to eligible children, and operate a nonprofit meal service that is available to all children regardless of race, sex, color, national origin, age, or disability.
All children attending schools where this program is operating may receive nutrition benefits, which are determined based on the household income and size. Breakfast is served free to children who are determined by the local education agency to have household income levels at or below 130 percent, and at a reduced price to children from households with incomes higher than 130 but at or below 185 percent of the Federal poverty line. Paid breakfast is served to children who are not eligible for free and reduced-price meals. The Secretary prescribes the income eligibility guidelines for free and reduced-price meals by July 1. These guidelines are revised annually according to the Federal Income Poverty Guidelines. Children from households certified to receive benefits through the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations, or Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, and children in Head Start programs are automatically eligible for free meals. Homeless children, children in certain runaway and homeless youth grant programs, migrant children, and foster children are automatically eligible for free meals. All reimbursable meals served under the SBP at the free, reduced-price, and paid categories get cash assistance.
Applicant organizations must furnish evidence of nonprofit status. Costs will be determined in accordance with USDA Uniform Federal Assistance Regulations. 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.
Aplication and Award Process
Preapplication coordination is required.
Environmental impact information is not required for this program.
This program is eligible for coverage under E.O.
12372, 'Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs.' An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. Public schools in all States apply to the State education agency, unless the State is approved for a waiver to designate an alternate agency. Appropriate forms may be obtained from the administering agency. Nonprofit private schools and institutions should also apply to the State education agency in most States. In some States, however, the State education agency is prohibited by statute from disbursing Federal funds to nonprofit private schools. In such instances, the application will be referred to the alternate State agency or the appropriate Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) regional office.
The State agency reviews the written application submitted by a school food authority/school or a residential child care institution and, upon determination of eligibility, makes a written agreement with the school or institution for participation in the program.
Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.
Child Nutrition Act of 1966, as amended through Public Laws 111-296, 104-193, 100-435, 99-661, 97-35. American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, Public Law 111-5. , 42 U.S.C 1773,1779,1793.
Range of Approval/Disapproval Time
Effective upon approval by the State Agency or FNS regional office as applicable.
The State agency or FNS regional office, as applicable, is responsible for determining a school's eligibility for participation in the SBP.
Permanent, amended as necessary.
Formula and Matching Requirements
Statutory Formula: The funding formula for cash assistance is set forth in section 4 of the Child Nutrition Act, 42 U.S.C. 1773, on a performance basis by: (1) multiplying the number of paid breakfasts served to eligible children during the fiscal year by a National Average Payment (NAP) prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture; (2) multiplying the number of breakfasts served free to eligible children by a NAP prescribed by the Secretary for free breakfasts; and, (3) multiplying the number of reduced price breakfasts served to eligible children by a NAP prescribed by the Secretary for reduced priced breakfasts. The amount of Federal funds given the grantee is the sum of the products obtained from these three computations. Schools with a high percentage of needy children may receive additional payments. The statistical factors used in this formula are: (1) The NAPs; (2) the number of paid breakfasts served; and (3) the number of breakfasts served free or at reduced price to eligible children. The NAPs are prescribed by the Secretary and adjusted each July 1, in accordance with the Food Away From Home series of the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers. The source of this adjustment factor is the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The source of the numbers of breakfasts served, including the number served free or at reduced price, is the monthly programmatic reports submitted to FNS. Matching requirements are not applicable to this program. This program does not have MOE requirements.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
For the period covered by the agreement on a fiscal year basis. Method of awarding/releasing assistance: by letter of credit.
Post Assistance Requirements
State Agencies, schools, and institutions file monthly reports on the number of meals served, by eligibility type, to claim program funds.
Schools and institutions must submit final meal claims to the State no later than 60 days after claiming month.
States must submit final program reports to FNS no later than 90 days after the claiming month.
No cash reports are required.
No progress reports are required.
States must submit a final fiscal year grant closeout report to FNS no later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year to which they pertain.
Performance monitoring is not applicable.
In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503.
Schools must maintain full and accurate records of their breakfast programs. Such records must be retained for a period of 3 years after the end of the fiscal year to which they pertain, except that if audit findings have not been resolved, records must be retained beyond the 3-year period until audit findings have been resolved.
(Formula Grants) FY 16 $4,241,537,000; FY 17 est $4,489,379,000; and FY 18 est $4,775,629,000
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
State grants vary according to participation in this program.
Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature
Program regulations are codified at 7 CFR Parts 220 and 245.
Regional or Local Office
See Regional Agency Offices. See the Food and Nutrition Service Regional Offices listed in Appendix IV of the Catalog.
Cynthia Long 3101 Park Center Drive, Room 628, Alexandria, Virginia 22302. Phone: (703) 305-2590.
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