Wild Horse and Burro Resource Management

The goal of the Wild Horses and Burro Resource Management program is manage wild horses and burros as an integral part of the natural system of the public lands under the principle of multiple use; protection of wild horses and burros from unauthorized capture , branding, harassment or death; and humane

credit: Wikimedia Commons
care and treatment of wild horses and burros.
Examples of Funded Projects

Fiscal Year 2016: BLM developed interagency agreement and assistance agreements for research to develop new fertility control methods including longer acting contraceptive vaccines and spay and neuter methods, research to improve population census techniques and programs to help place more excess wild horses and burros in good homes.

Assistance agreements have been awarded previously to state departments of correction in Colorado, Nevada, Kansas, Wyoming, and AZ to train wild horses making them more adoptable, but continue to be supported.

Universities have been awarded to conduct the genetic analysis of wild horse and burro herds.

Fiscal Year 2017: No current data available.

Fiscal Year 2018: No current data available.

Agency - Department of the Interior

The Department of the Interior protects and provides access to the Nation's natural and cultural heritage, including responsibilities to Indian tribes and island communities. Departmental goals include resource protection and usage, overseeing recreational opportunities, serving communities and excellence in management.

Office - See Regional Agency Offices.

See Catalog Appendix IV for addresses.

Relevant Nonprofit Program Categories

Selected Recipients for this Program

RecipientAmount Start DateEnd Date
The Nature Conservancy $ 40,000   2008-09-222013-09-30
Wyoming Department Of Corrections - Honor Far $ 114,000   2008-09-152013-09-30
Nature Conservancy (the) $ 80,000   2008-10-012013-09-30
Environmental Protection, West Virginia Dept Of $ 47,067,489   2008-01-012011-12-31
$ 0   
$ 0   
$ 0   
$ 0   
$ 0   
$ 0   

Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2016: The BLM currently manages approximately 58,000 horses and burros in 179 herd management areas in 10 western states. Nationally, the appropriate management level (optimum number of animals on the range -AML) is about 27,000 animals. BLM does not have adequate tools to make significant progress towards achieving AML and continues remove excess animals from the range to address public safety & health issues, court orders, private land encroachment and to reach AML in priority habitat areas and to avoid range deterioration. BLM plans to reduce population growth by increasing fertility control vaccine applications through partnerships, and implementing spay and neuter methods. . BLM looks forward to expanding partnerships for long term care of animals and expanding programs to increase adoptions and sales. Fiscal Year 2017: No current data available. Fiscal Year 2018: No current data available.

Uses and Use Restrictions

Projects are designated to manage and protect wild free-roaming horses and burros to achieve and maintain a thriving natural ecological balance on the public lands.

Project assistance can be used in researching for improved censusing techniques and fertility control methods; and adopting or long term care of excess animals removed from the range.

For more specific information contact the local or headquarters office.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Anyone/general public.

Beneficiary Eligibility

All Public Land users.


No Credentials or documentation are required. 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Environmental impact information may be required for this program.

An environmental impact statement is required for this program.

An environmental impact assessment is required for this program.

This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.


Application Procedures

2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. A Standard Form 424, Application for Federal Assistance, Standard Form 424A, Budget Information for Non-Construction Programs, Standard Form 424B, Assurances for Non-Construction Programs, and a written proposal, budget spreadsheet, a budget narrative/breakdown, and any other requirements specified in the Notice of Funding Opportunity Notice and submitted through www.grants.gov. State plan is not required for this application.

Award Procedures

All applications will be initially screened for eligibility and compliance with the requirements stated in the program Notice of Funding Opportunity Announcement. Applications passing this screening process will be forwarded for review by the proposal evaluation criteria, and any additional review factors, as stated in the funding announcement. State and District Office level and funding recommendations are made through the State's annual work plan. Final budget approvals rest with the State Director.


Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.


Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act of 1971, 16 USC 1336, Public Law 92-195, as amended; Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, Public Law 94-579, 43 USC 1737 (b); Public Rangelands Improvement Act of 1978,43 USC 1906, Public Law 95-514, Section 9. Section 1906.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Award time varies depending on the type and complexity of the project. Further information will be available for each project at the time the Notice of Funding Opportunity is posted on www.grants.gov and may be obtained by contacting the point of contact listed in the funding opportunity announcement. Most awards are anticipated within 90 days or less after the announcement closes.


Final award decisions are not subject to appeal; however, the Bureau of Land Management will provide all applicants with information on why their proposal was not selected for award.


Not Applicable.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Statutory formulas are not applicable to this program. Matching Requirements: The program has no statutory formula matching requirements. However, matching funds or in-kind services by the applicants are encouraged and those projects are more likely to be funded. This program does not have MOE requirements.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

No specific restrictions for most projects, however, most projects are awarded for a one to five year period and funded on a year-by-year basis and funds are expended during a particular fiscal year. No commitment will be made to fund projects beyond one year. New and continuing projects will be re-evaluated each year based on performance, merit, and funding availability. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Frequency of recipient payments will be determined for each awarded assistance agreement at time of award.

Post Assistance Requirements


Program reports are not applicable.

Cash reports are not applicable.

Unless otherwise stated in the notice of award, recipients shall submit at the minimum the following reports on an annual basis within 90 days after the anniversary date: (1) SF-425, Federal Financial Report; and (2) Program Performance Reports.

The notice of award will detail all financial, performance, and other specific report requirements, including frequency and due dates.

Upon completion of the agreement, recipients shall submit a final report no later than 90 calendar day after the award end date: (1) SF-425, Federal Financial Report; and (2) Program Performance Report; and (3) other specific reports that may be applicable to the agreement such as property inventories, and patent and invention disclosures.

Unless otherwise stated in the award document, recipients are required to submit quarterly SF-425, Federal Financial Reports.

Performance monitoring is not applicable.


In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503.


All recipients of Federal awards shall maintain project records in accordance with 2 CFR 200.333 Retention requirements for records. Financial records, supporting documents, statistical records, and all other non-Federal entity records pertinent to a Federal award must be retained for a period of three years from the date of submission of the final expenditure report or, for Federal awards that are renewed quarterly or annually, from the date of the submission of the quarterly or annual financial report, respectively, as reported to the Federal awarding agency or pass-through entity in the case of a subrecipient. Federal awarding agencies and pass-through entities must not impose any other record retention requirements upon non-Federal entities, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.333.

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Cooperative Agreements (Discretionary Grants)) FY 16 $12,493,878; FY 17 est $13,000,000; and FY 18 est $0

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

Past partnerships projects have run between $85,000 to $3,180,000. Average amounts are $532,300 or less.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

The wild horse and burro program is generally guided by provisions in 43 CFR Part 4700. BLM Manuals and Handbooks 4700 - 4770 provide basic program operational guidance for the wild horses and burro program and may be obtained by accessing the BLM library through the internet.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

See Regional Agency Offices. See Catalog Appendix IV for addresses.

Headquarters Office

Division Chief Bureau of Land Management, Division of Wild Horses and Burros, (WO 260), 1849 C St., NW, Room 2134LM, Washington, District of Columbia 20240-9998 Phone: (202) 912-7296

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

First Level Screening -Basic Eligibility. Applications will be screened by the Grants Management Officer to ensure that applications meet basic eligibility requirements. Must meet the requirements of the Notice of Funding Opportunity posted on www.grants.gov, screening may include, but is not limited to: Program and/or legislative authority requirements are met; Submission is timely; and complete and properly executed SF-424 application package documents. B. Applications must satisfy basic eligibility screening requirements to be considered for further review. Second Level Evaluation -- Merit Review Evaluation is stated in each Notice of Funding Opportunity noticed post on www.grants.gov Third Level Review Pre-Award Clearance and Approvals. BLM will also complete a business evaluation and determination of responsibility. During these evaluations the Grants Management Officer will evaluate variables such as: Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information System, financial stability, quality of management systems, past performance meeting prior award terms and conditions, reports and findings of audits performed, and applicant?s ability to effectively implement statutory, regulatory or other requirements.

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