Plant Conservation and Restoration Management

The Plant Conservation & Restoration Program was created in response to large-scale wildfires in the Western U.S.

Because of a lack of native seed, in 2001 Congress directed BLM to establish a native plant material program and recommended that federal and non-federal partners coordinate efforts
through the Plant Conservation Alliance which was established in 1994 (House Report 106-914).

As an integral part of the Bureau of Land Management?s (BLM) mission, BLM Plant Conservation & Restoration Program provides national leadership to (1) Support field office habitat management efforts to restore sage grouse, mule deer, desert tortoise, and wild game species habitats; and increase on-the-ground project work to restore and reduce the threats to sage-grouse, mule deer, and other sensitive species in high priority habitats; (2) Conduct seed collection through the Seeds of Success (SOS) Program within priority species habitat (3) Continue to work with growers to develop genetically appropriate native plant material for use in habitat restoration; (4) Continue to support and increase labor and operations of the BLM National Seed Warehouse System to assist field offices with seed procurement; (5) Support studies to improve the effectiveness of seed and seeding treatments through partners, State Offices, and Eco regional Programs; (6) Continue to monitor and protect more than 1,700 rare plant species, ~400 of which are found exclusively on BLM lands; (7) Continue to work with partners to prioritize and implement priority species conservation actions; (8) Continue to assist Emergency Stabilization & Restoration in identifying imminent post-wildfire threats, managing unacceptable risks, and restoring public lands with the use of native plant materials.
The BLM manages these resources and other vegetation management activities in cooperation with states, tribes, other federal agencies, and non-governmental organizations.
Related Programs15.230 Invasive and Noxious Plant Management; 15.231 Fish, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Resource Management; 15.237 Rangeland Resource ManagementExamples of Funded Projects

Fiscal Year 2017: WY Sage Grouse as it pertains to Native Plant Project, AK Seeds of Success, University of Utah Rare and Native Plant, Pollinator And Restoration Project.

Fiscal Year 2018: OR/WA Rogue Basin Native Plant Partnership, Sagebrush in Prisons Partnership to grow sagebrush for restoration after wildfires.

Fiscal Year 2019: Data unknown.

Agency - Department of the Interior

The Department of the Interior protects and provides access to the Nation's natural and cultural heritage, including responsibilities to Indian tribes and island communities. Departmental goals include resource protection and usage, overseeing recreational opportunities, serving communities and excellence in management.

Office - See Regional Agency Offices.

Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2017: BLM worked with the Plant Conservation Alliance to develop The National Seed Strategy for Rehabilitation and Restoration to ensure the availability of genetically appropriate seed to restore viable and productive plant communities and sustainable ecosystems throughout the US. The Strategy fosters collaboration between private, tribal, state, local, and federal partners to guide the development, availability, and use of seed needed for timely and effective rehabilitation and restoration. BLM Plant Conservation & Restoration Program works with partners to focus studies on native plant materials development to get more diversity of native plant materials to the growers in ecoregions, including the Great Basin, Colorado Plateau, Mojave, and Pacific Northwest. Working with the Sustainability in Prison Program in the Great Basin, BLM PCRP grows locally sourced sagebrush plants for use after wildfires in sage-grouse, mule deer, and other game species habitat restoration projects. Seeds of Success has made over 23,000 collections of 5,500 unique taxa since 2000. The Plant Conservation & Restoration Program has moved more than 200 native species into commercial production by the private sector, making them available for restoration projects. BLM PCRP increased the capacity of the BLM National Seed Warehouse System to 2,600,000 pounds, which serves 40 BLM Field Offices and streamlines seed procurement through the Working Capital Fund (inventory value ≈ $12 M). Fiscal Year 2018: Data unknown. Fiscal Year 2019: Data unknown.

Uses and Use Restrictions

Projects are primarily conducted on lands administered by the BLM but may also be conducted on other public or private lands.

Most of these lands are located in the Western United States and Alaska.

Assistance can be used to help protect, restore, and enhance native plant communities and rare plants, and to provide related public contact/education opportunities.

No regular discretionary fund is available.

Funding is highly variable each fiscal year.

No regular discretionary fund is available.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Anyone/general public.

Beneficiary Eligibility

All Public Land users.


Not applicable. 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Preapplication coordination is not applicable.

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.


Application Procedures

2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program.

Award Procedures

All applications will be initially screened for eligibility and compliance with the requirements stated in the program funding announcement. Applications passing this screening process will be forwarded for review by the proposal evaluation criteria, and any additional review factors, as stated in the funding announcement. State and District Office level and funding recommendations are made through the State's annual work plan. Final budget approvals rest with the State Director.


Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.


Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, Public Law 94-579, 43 USC §1737 (b); Plant Protection Act of 2000 (PL 106-224), Federal Noxious Weed Act of 1974 (Sections 1 and 15), 7 USC 2814; P.L. 93-629, as amended by PL 101-624; Watershed Restoration and Enhancement Agreements (aka The Wyden Amendment), 16 USC 1011, PL 104-208, Section 124, as amended by PL 105-277, Section 136, as amended by PL 108-7, Section 135.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Award time varies depending on the type and complexity of the project. Most awards are anticipated within 90 days or less after the announcement closes. Further information will be available for each project at the time the funding opportunity announcement is posted on and may be obtained by contacting the point of contact listed in the funding opportunity announcement.


Final award decisions are not subject to appeal; however, the Bureau of Land Management will provide all applicants with information on why their proposal was not selected for award.


Not Applicable.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Statutory formulas are not applicable to this program. Matching requirements are not applicable to this program. MOE requirements are not applicable to this program.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

No specific restrictions for most projects, however, most projects are funded on a year-by- year basis and funds are expended during a particular fiscal year. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Frequency of recipient payments will be determined for each awarded assistance agreement at time of award.

Post Assistance Requirements


Program reports are not applicable.

Cash reports are not applicable.

Unless otherwise stated in the notice of award, recipients shall submit at the minimum the following reports on an annual basis within 90 days after the anniversary date: (1) SF-425, Federal Financial Report; and (2) Program Performance Reports.

The notice of award will detail all financial, performance, and other specific report requirements, including frequency and due dates.

Upon completion of the agreement, recipients shall submit a final report no later than 90 calendar day after the award end date: (1) SF-425, Federal Financial Report; and (2) Program Performance Report; and (3) other specific reports that may be applicable to the agreement such as property inventories, and patent and invention disclosures.

SF-425, Federal Financial Report.

Performance monitoring is not applicable.


In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503.


All recipients of Federal awards shall maintain project records in accordance with 2 CFR 200.333 Retention requirements for records. Financial records, supporting documents, statistical records, and all other non-Federal entity records pertinent to a Federal award must be retained for a period of three years from the date of submission of the final expenditure report or, for Federal awards that are renewed quarterly or annually, from the date of the submission of the quarterly or annual financial report, respectively, as reported to the Federal awarding agency or pass-through entity in the case of a subrecipient. Federal awarding agencies and pass-through entities must not impose any other record retention requirements upon non-Federal entities, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.333.

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Cooperative Agreements (Discretionary Grants)) FY 17 $15,900,000; FY 18 est $0; and FY 19 est $0 - New Program.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

Past partnership projects have ranged from $10,000 to $1,000,000.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

BLM's Plant Conservation and Restoration Program is generally guided by provisions in 43 CFR Part 4000 and Part 6000; as well as the H-1740-2 - Integrated Vegetation Management Handbook, which can be found on the BLM website. A variety of public interest publications on BLM's Plant Conservation and Restoration Program, as well as the National Seed Strategy, are available free of charge by contacting the appropriate State Office; Endangered Species Act of 197; and National Environmental Policy Act of 1969.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

See Regional Agency Offices.

Headquarters Office

Forestry, Range, and Plant Conservation and Restoration Bureau of Land Management (WO 220), 1849 C St, N.W., MS-5115, Washington, District of Columbia 20240-9998 Phone: (202) 912-7230

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

First Level Screening -Basic Eligibility. Applications will be screened by the Grants Management Officer to ensure that applications meet basic eligibility requirements. Must meet the requirements of the Notice of Funding Opportunity posted on, screening may include, but is not limited to: Program and/or legislative authority requirements are met; Submission is timely; and complete and properly executed SF-424 application package documents. B. Applications must satisfy basic eligibility screening requirements to be considered for further review. Second Level Evaluation -- Merit Review Evaluation is stated in each Notice of Funding Opportunity noticed post on Third Level Review Pre-Award Clearance and Approvals. BLM will also complete a business evaluation and determination of responsibility. During these evaluations the Grants Management Officer will evaluate variables such as: Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information System, financial stability, quality of management systems, past performance meeting prior award terms and conditions, reports and findings of audits performed, and applicant?s ability to effectively implement statutory, regulatory or other requirements.

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