Wildlife Resource Management

The BLM?s Wildlife Program manages wildlife habitat to help ensure self-sustaining, abundant and diverse populations of wildlife on public lands.

In order to provide for the long-term conservation of wildlife resources, the BLM supports numerous habitat maintenance and restoration activities.

lands are vital to thousands of mammal, reptile, avian, and amphibian species.

Managing more wildlife habitat than any other federal agency, the BLM?s wildlife program helps ensure self-sustaining populations and a natural abundance and diversity of wildlife (a publically owned resource) on public lands.

Overall, we manage habitat for more than 3,000 species of wildlife dispersed over some of the nation?s most ecologically diverse and unique habitats.

In order to provide for the long-term protection of wildlife resources, the BLM supports numerous habitat conservation activities, many funded through partnerships with state, and nongovernmental organizations.

Those funded in partnership with state agencies in particular, are generally accepted as projects with deliverables of mutual interest but primarily benefitting wildlife, which is a public resource.

In that wildlife is not a BLM owned resource, this benefit is assumed to be primarily for a public purpose.

As a cooperative agreement with only an estimated outcome to maintain flexibility to address a mutual conservation need, agreements of this kind best serves the public as cooperative or assistance agreements rather than a contract.
Agreements with non-governmental organizations that do not have set deliverables and benefit the public resources, wildlife, also have objectives that fit this criteria.
Examples of Funded Projects

Fiscal Year 2017: WY Sage Grouse as it pertains to Assessment, Inventory and Monitoring Implementation, Wild and Scenic Rivers, National Trails, Central AZ Grasslands, Upper Rio Grande, Milk River International Central Basin and Range, Healthy Land Initiative Programs Bureau wide, WY Special Status Species Population and Habitat, multiple state Bird Conservation Partnerships for identifying sage obligate species information, Sage Grouse Habitat Owyhee Uplands, migration corridor assessment in Wyoming, grassland and desert scrub habitat assessment for birds and other species.

Fiscal Year 2018: unknown data available.

Fiscal Year 2019: unknown data available.

Agency - Department of the Interior

The Department of the Interior protects and provides access to the Nation's natural and cultural heritage, including responsibilities to Indian tribes and island communities. Departmental goals include resource protection and usage, overseeing recreational opportunities, serving communities and excellence in management.

Office - See Regional Agency Offices.

Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2017: Made over 240 awards ? Projects funded include those in collaboration with more than 20 western colleges and universities to advance knowledge for decision support tools and conservation practices. All western States Fish and Game agencies were awarded at least two to three awards to assist in achieving mutual objectives for wildlife conservation. Invasive species projects were awarded to at least 25 western counties to advance the control of invasive species that impact wildlife habitat. All wester bird observatories were awarded projects to help planning and NEPA decision support tool development. The highest priority areas for sage-grouse conservation within the BLM wildlife program are the Sagebrush Focal Areas identified by the FWS in October 2014 and subsequently identified by the BLM as Sagebrush Focal Areas in the proposed land use plans. Some of these Sagebrush Focal Areas cross state boundaries so those BLM State Offices will continue to demonstrate landscape scale management of sage-grouse habitats utilizing partners. BLM programs will work with partners to focus research on assessment of other sage obligate species as BLM implements sagebrush conservation. BLM will support enhancement of knowledge of migratory pathways of migratory wildlife, in particular that of big game. In addition, will be partnering with states to assess conservation needs of species of economic value and species in decline. Fiscal Year 2018: Data is unknown at this time. Fiscal Year 2019: Data is unknown at this time.

Uses and Use Restrictions

Projects are primarily conducted on lands administered by the BLM but may also be conducted on other public or private lands.

Projects not on public lands should demonstrate effects on wildlife resources that share use of public and non-public lands.

Projects may also include development of decision support tools and information to enhance wildlife conservation.

Most of these lands are located in the Western United States and Alaska.

Assistance can be used to help protect, restore, and assess wildlife resources and to provide related public contact/education opportunities.

Funding is highly variable each fiscal year.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Anyone/general public with the exception of other federal agencies.

Applicants must competitively apply to postings on Grants.gov to opportunities posted by the office that has funding and the desire to accomplish conservation cooperatively with an applicant that can deliver to a level of public purpose that addresses the wildlife conservation need outlined in the opportunity listing.

Beneficiary Eligibility

All Public Land users.


Not applicable. 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Preapplication coordination is not applicable.

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.


Application Procedures

2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. 2 CFR, Part 200, Subpart C?Pre-Federal Award Requirements and Contents of Federal Awards. A Standard Form 424, Application for Federal Assistance, Standard Form 424A, Budget Information for Non-Construction Programs, Standard Form 424B, Assurances for Non-Construction Programs, and a written proposal, budget spreadsheet, a budget narrative/breakdown, and any other requirements specified in the Notice of Funding Opportunity Notice and must be submitted through www.grants.gov. State plan is not required for this application.

Award Procedures

All applications will be initially screened for eligibility and compliance with the requirements stated in the program funding announcement. Applications passing this screening process will be forwarded for review by the proposal evaluation criteria, and any additional review factors, as stated in the funding announcement. State and District Office level and funding recommendations are made through the State's annual work plan. Final budget approvals rest with the State Director.


Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.


Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, 43 USC 1737 (b); Sikes Act,16 USC 670h(c); Watershed Restoration and Enhancement Agreements (aka The Wyden Amendment), 16 USC 1011, PL 104-208, Section 124, as amended by PL 105-277, Section 136, as amended by PL 108-7, Section 135.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Award time varies depending on the type and complexity of the project. Most awards are anticipated within 90 days or less after the announcement closes. Further information will be available for each project at the time the funding opportunity announcement is posted on www.grants.gov and may be obtained by contacting the point of contact listed in the funding opportunity announcement.


Final award decisions are not subject to appeal; however, the Bureau of Land Management will provide all applicants with information on why their proposal was not selected for award.


Not Applicable.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Statutory formulas are not applicable to this program. Matching requirements are not applicable to this program. MOE requirements are not applicable to this program.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

No specific restrictions for most projects, however, most projects are funded on a year-by- year basis and funds are expended during a particular fiscal year. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Frequency of recipient payments will be determined for each awarded assistance agreement at time of award.

Post Assistance Requirements


Program reports are not applicable.

Cash reports are not applicable.

Unless otherwise stated in the notice of award, recipients shall submit at the minimum the following reports on an annual basis within 90 days after the anniversary date: (1) SF-425, Federal Financial Report; and (2) Program Performance Reports.

The notice of award will detail all financial, performance, and other specific report requirements, including frequency and due dates.

Upon completion of the agreement, recipients shall submit a final report no later than 90 calendar day after the award end date: (1) SF-425, Federal Financial Report; and (2) Program Performance Report; and (3) other specific reports that may be applicable to the agreement such as property inventories, and patent and invention disclosures.

SF-425, Federal Financial Report.

Performance monitoring is not applicable.


In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503.


All recipients of Federal awards shall maintain project records in accordance with 2 CFR 200.333 Retention requirements for records. Financial records, supporting documents, statistical records, and all other non-Federal entity records pertinent to a Federal award must be retained for a period of three years from the date of submission of the final expenditure report or, for Federal awards that are renewed quarterly or annually, from the date of the submission of the quarterly or annual financial report, respectively, as reported to the Federal awarding agency or pass-through entity in the case of a subrecipient. Federal awarding agencies and pass-through entities must not impose any other record retention requirements upon non-Federal entities, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.333.

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Cooperative Agreements (Discretionary Grants)) FY 17 $27,411,958; FY 18 est $0; and FY 19 est $0 - New Program.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

Past partnership projects have ranged from $10,000 to $1,000,000. Average amounts approximately $68,300 or less.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

Manuals provide basic program operational guidance for Wildlife Conservation (BLM Manual 6500) may be obtained by contacting the Washington Office. In addition, 43 CFR 24 guides the BLM to collaboratively conserve resident wildlife with the state agencies. Migratory birds, a federal responsibility, also outlined in 43 CFR 24, are also collaboratively managed with state and other federal agencies.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

See Regional Agency Offices.

Headquarters Office

. ., Washington, District of Columbia 20240-9998 Phone: .

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

First Level Screening -Basic Eligibility. Applications will be screened by the Grants Management Officer to ensure that applications meet basic eligibility requirements. Must meet the requirements of the Notice of Funding Opportunity posted on www.grants.gov, screening may include, but is not limited to: Program and/or legislative authority requirements are met; Submission is timely; and complete and properly executed SF-424 application package documents. B. Applications must satisfy basic eligibility screening requirements to be considered for further review. Second Level Evaluation -- Merit Review Evaluation is stated in each Notice of Funding Opportunity noticed post on www.grants.gov Third Level Review Pre-Award Clearance and Approvals. BLM will also complete a business evaluation and determination of responsibility. During these evaluations the Grants Management Officer will evaluate variables such as: Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information System, financial stability, quality of management systems, past performance meeting prior award terms and conditions, reports and findings of audits performed, and applicant?s ability to effectively implement statutory, regulatory or other requirements.

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