Title XVI Water Reclamation and Reuse

Title XVI of Public Law 102-575, as amended (Title XVI), directs the Secretary of Interior, acting through the Commissioner, to undertake a program to identify and investigate opportunities to reclaim and reuse wastewaters and naturally impaired ground and surface water in the 17 Western States and Hawaii.

Title XVI also provides authority for the Secretary to provide up to the lesser of 25 percent of, or the Federal appropriations ceiling (typically $20 million), for the cost of planning, design, and construction of specific water recycling projects, as well as up to 50 percent of the cost of Title XVI feasibility studies and 25 percent of the cost of Title XVI water reclamation and reuse research studies.
Examples of Funded Projects

Fiscal Year 2017: Inland Empire Utilities Agency, in association with the Chino Basin Desalter Authority, received $5,199,536 in Federal funding to expand the capacity of the existing Chino II Desalter plant.

The water produced by this project will replace water that would otherwise be imported from the Colorado River and/or Sacramento-San Joaquin Bay-Delta. The Santa Clara Valley Water District received $1,680,593 in Federal funding to expand the recycled water distribution system in the southern portion of Santa Clara County.

The South Santa Clara County Recycled Water Project in Gilroy, California will increase the availability of recycled water by providing recycled water to a broader market of commercial, industrial, irrigation, and agricultural users and will reduce reliance on imported water from the Sacramento-San Joaquin Bay-Delta.

Fiscal Year 2018: Information not available.

Fiscal Year 2019: Information not available.


Agency - Department of the Interior

The Department of the Interior protects and provides access to the Nation's natural and cultural heritage, including responsibilities to Indian tribes and island communities. Departmental goals include resource protection and usage, overseeing recreational opportunities, serving communities and excellence in management.

Office - See Regional Agency Offices.

For addresses, see Appendix IV of the Catalog.

http://www.usbr.gov/main/regions.html.



Selected Recipients for this Program


RecipientAmount Start DateEnd Date
Elsinore Valley Municipal Water District $ 10,210,000   2016-04-012025-03-31
South Coast Water District $ 19,850,500   2020-09-082023-09-30
Oceanside City Of $ 2,495,500   2020-09-012023-06-30
Rancho California Water District $ 1,620,000   2020-06-012022-12-31
El Paso Water Utilities Public Service Board $ 1,930,000   2018-05-012022-10-31
Monterey One Water $ 19,558,178   2016-04-132022-09-30
San Buenaventura, City Of $ 2,362,900   2017-07-122022-09-30
Metropolitan Water District Of Southern California, The (inc $ 750,000   2020-09-112022-08-31
Santa Clara Valley Water District $ 5,635,593   2016-09-162022-06-30
Mojave Water Agency $ 2,585,000   2010-04-012022-03-31



Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2017: In FY 2017, six authorized projects received $20.9 million for planning design, and construction, $1.7 million was awarded for thirteen new Title XVI feasibility studies, and $847,701 was awarded for four water reclamation and reuse research projects. Three WIIN projects were also transmitted to Congress for a total of $10 million in Federal funding. Fiscal Year 2018: Some of the Title XVI water reuse benefits include improving water-use efficiency, providing flexibility during water shortages, and diversifying the water supply. In areas where municipalities and industry (M&I) are looking to agriculture as a water source, Title XVI projects reduce the need to transfer agricultural water to M&I uses. Fifty-three projects are specifically authorized and forty-one projects are currently eligible under the WIIN Act. Two demonstration projects have also been undertaken through the general authority. Since the program?s inception in 1992, more than $692 million in Federal cost-share has been leveraged to design and construct water recycling projects. Fiscal Year 2019: Information not available.

Uses and Use Restrictions

The Title XVI Program applies to reclamation, recycling, and reuse of municipal, industrial, domestic, and agricultural wastewater and to naturally impaired ground and surface waters.

Through this program, Reclamation provides financial and technical assistance for feasibility studies, water reclamation and reuse research, and full-scale construction of facilities to deliver and/or treat wastewater or naturally impaired ground or surface water for reuse applications.

For purposes of the Title XVI Program, a water reuse project is a project (including the necessary facilities and features) that reclaims and reuses municipal, industrial, domestic, or agricultural wastewater or naturally impaired groundwater and/or surface waters.

Consistent with State law, reclaimed water can be used, for a variety of purposes including, but not limited to, environmental restoration, fish and wildlife, groundwater recharge, municipal, domestic, industrial, agricultural, power generation, or recreation.

Funds can be used for water treatment features where the improvement of the water quality is necessary to allow for reuse.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Eligible recipients of Title XVI funding are identified under the 1902 Act and include State, regional, or local authorities; Indian tribes or tribal organizations; or other entities such as a water conservation or conservancy district, wastewater district, rural water district, all located within the 17 Western States or Hawaii. To be eligible to receive funding for construction activities, a water reclamation and reuse project must be specifically authorized under Title XVI or eligible under the amendments in section 4009(c) of the Water Infrastructure Improvements for the Nation (WIIN) Act.

Beneficiary Eligibility

Water users, including municipal, industrial, and agricultural, that benefit from the additional drought resistant water source created.

Credentials/Documentation

To be eligible to receive funding for construction activities, a water reclamation and reuse project must be specifically authorized under Title XVI or eligible under the amendments in section 4009(c) of the Water Infrastructure Improvements for the Nation (WIIN) Act. Funds for construction activities associated with an individual project will not be disbursed until all Title XVI pre-construction requirements have been met for that project. These include: (1) a finding that the feasibility study meets the requirements of Title XVI; (2) complete compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act and other environmental clearances; (3) an approved determination of financial capability; and (4) an executed grant or cooperative agreement for financial assistance. 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

To be eligible to receive funding for construction activities, a water reclamation and reuse project must be specifically authorized under Title XVI or eligible under the amendments in section 4009(c) of the Water Infrastructure Improvements for the Nation (WIIN) Act.

Funds for construction activities associated with an individual project will not be disbursed until all Title XVI pre-construction requirements have been met for that project.

These include: (1) a finding that the feasibility study meets the requirements of Title XVI; (2) complete compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act and other environmental clearances; (3) an approved determination of financial capability; and (4) an executed grant or cooperative agreement for financial assistance between Reclamation and the project sponsor.

An environmental impact statement is required for this program.

An environmental impact assessment is required for this program.

This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.

12372.

Application Procedures

2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. Discretionary funding opportunities will be posted on Grants.gov and will be subject to competitive funding process.

Award Procedures

Reclamation will work with the funded recipient to negotiate a grant or cooperative agreement.

Deadlines

Not Applicable.

Authorization

P.L. 102-575, Title XVI, Reclamation Wastewater and Groundwater Study and Facilities Act of 1992, October 30, 1992, as amended.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Not Applicable.

Appeals

NONE.

Renewals

Continuation of funding from one fiscal year to the next to complete a project is contingent on the final Federal appropriations.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Statutory Formula: Title XVI, Public Law 102-575. Matching Requirements: Reclamation can pay up to 50% for feasibility study costs and 25% for research studies. Federal funding for Title XVI construction projects is limited to 25% of the total project or a specified maximum amount, whichever is less. The maximum amount varies by project. Generally, projects authorized after 1996 have a ceiling of $20 million or less; the specific details are available in the authorizing legislation. If a project conducted under the Title XVI Program includes planning, design, and construction, the Reclamation Wastewater and Groundwater Study and Facilities Act of 1992 (the Act) requires the sponsor to provide at least 75 percent of all the costs incurred, including Reclamation?s administrative costs. In addition, the sponsor must pay all operation, maintenance and replacement (OM&R) costs of the project. MOE requirements are not applicable to this program.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Feasibility studies which receive Reclamation funding must be completed in 18 to 36 months. See FOA for details. Research studies which receive Reclamation funding must be completed in 18 to 36 months. See FOA for details. For authorized Title XVI projects and WIIN projects, Reclamation will provide funding for planning, design, or construction that can be completed in a two year period. See FOA for details. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Payment terms vary by agreement awarded under this program.

Post Assistance Requirements

Reports

Unless otherwise stated in the agreement document, recipients shall submit the following reports on an annual basis Program Performance Reports.

Upon completion of the agreement, recipients shall submit a final Program Performance Report.

Other specific reports that may be applicable to the agreement such as property inventories, and patent and invention disclosures.

Cash reports are not applicable.

Progress reports are not applicable.

Unless otherwise stated in the agreement document, recipients shall submit the following reports on an annual basis: (1) SF-425, Federal Financial Report.

Upon completion of the agreement, recipients shall submit a final: (1) SF-425, Federal Financial Report.

Performance monitoring is not applicable.

Audits

In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503.

Records

All recipients of Federal awards shall maintain project records in accordance with 2 CFR 200.333 Retention requirements for records. Financial records, supporting documents, statistical records, and all other non-Federal entity records pertinent to a Federal award must be retained for a period of three years from the date of submission of the final expenditure report or, for Federal awards that are renewed quarterly or annually, from the date of the submission of the quarterly or annual financial report, respectively, as reported to the Federal awarding agency or pass-through entity in the case of a subrecipient. Federal awarding agencies and pass-through entities must not impose any other record retention requirements upon non-Federal entities, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.333.

Financial Information

Account Identification

14-0680-0-1-301.

Obigations

(Cooperative Agreements) FY 17 $23,619,391; FY 18 est $21,500,000; and FY 19 est $3,000,000 - (Payment terms vary by agreement awarded under this program ).

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

Range: $75,000 to $5,250,000 Average: $1,000,000.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

2 CFR 200 UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, COST PRINCIPLES, AND AUDIT REQUIREMENTS FOR FEDERAL AWARDS and the applicable OMB Circulars. These documents may also be obtained by contacting the Bureau of Reclamation Office listed below.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

See Regional Agency Offices. For addresses, see Appendix IV of the Catalog. http://www.usbr.gov/main/regions.html.

Headquarters Office

Dean Marrone, Technical/Program Information: Bureau of Reclamation, Office of Policy and Administration, Attn: Dean MarroneAmanda Erath, Mail Code: 84-51000, P.O. Box 25007, Denver Federal Center, Denver, Colorado 80225 Email: aerath@usbr.gov Phone: (303) 445-3577 Fax: (303)445-6464

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Reclamation will place priority on funding projects that reduce existing water diversions or address specific water supply issues in a cost-effective manner, address environmental and water quality concerns, are economically justified, and meet other program goals.


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