Migratory Bird Joint Ventures

To protect, restore, and enhance wetland and upland ecosystems for the conservation of migratory birds.


Related Programs

Examples of Funded Projects

Fiscal Year 2017: Sea duck monitoring and information needs in the Great Lakes; Marsh bird population estimates to inform conservation decisions in the Midwest; Stopover ecology of the Least Sandpiper in Iowa.

Fiscal Year 2018: Projects not yet selected.

Projects will support: the effective operation and implementation of joint ventures; the development of integrated migratory bird habitat landscape planning; monitoring, evaluation, and applied research; habitat conservation/protection, restoration, and enhancement; communications and outreach; and technical assistance and training for partners.

Fiscal Year 2019: No Current Data Available.

Agency - Department of the Interior

The Department of the Interior protects and provides access to the Nation's natural and cultural heritage, including responsibilities to Indian tribes and island communities. Departmental goals include resource protection and usage, overseeing recreational opportunities, serving communities and excellence in management.

Office - See Regional Agency Offices.

See Catalog Appendix IV for addresses.

Selected Recipients for this Program

RecipientAmount Start DateEnd Date
Ducks Unlimited Inc $ 440,663   2022-07-152027-07-15
Ducks Unlimited, Inc. $ 194,175   2022-06-012027-05-31
University Of Saskatchewan $ 839,934   2021-08-012026-07-31
University Of Saskatchewan $ 88,630   2021-07-152025-09-30
Fish And Game, Alaska Department Of $ 104,500   2022-01-012024-12-31
Iowa State University Of Science And Technology $ 60,394   2021-08-012024-07-31
Smithsonian Institution $ 83,369   2022-01-012023-12-31
Ohio State University, The $ 84,225   2022-01-012023-12-31
Thousand Islands Land Trust, The $ 300,000   2021-10-012023-09-30
Terra Peninsular, A.c. $ 15,000   2019-10-012023-09-30

Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2017: The $13.1 million appropriated for the North American Waterfowl Management Plan and Migratory Bird Joint Ventures was used to leverage approximately $400 million in partner contributions to support landscape conservation planning, and habitat projects, for the benefit of migratory birds. Fiscal Year 2018: It is estimated that similar results to those achieved in FY17 will be achieved in FY18. Fiscal Year 2019: No current data available.

Uses and Use Restrictions

Joint Ventures are public/private partnerships, guided by a Management Board of public/private representatives and use a U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) approved Implementation Plan that establishes conservation goals, priorities, and strategies.

The Implementation Plan typically includes stepped down goals and objectives from a variety of national and international bird planning efforts.

A Joint Venture Coordinator facilitates the coordination and implementation of the Joint Venture program.

The USFWS provides basic administrative funding to the Joint Venture to cover costs associated with coordination; planning; monitoring, evaluation and applied research; communications and outreach; and project development and implementation.

Joint Ventures may provide Federal assistance to partners within these categories to achieve the goals of the Joint Venture.

The USFWS does not fund the entire scope of Joint Venture operations.

Joint Venture partners are expected to contribute funding towards one or more of these categories.

Non-federal match is not required, but leveraging USFWS dollars provided for Joint Ventures administration is a critical component of the Joint Ventures program.

Varies annually.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Federal, State and local government agencies, Federally recognized Indian Tribal governments, private nonprofit institutions/organizations; public nonprofit institutions/organizations; profit organizations, interstate and intrastate entities, and individuals or families who are also private landowners.

Beneficiary Eligibility

General Public.


Applicant must participate or intend to participate in strategic conservation planning, implementation and evaluation activities designed to meet the Joint Venture objectives as identified in an approved Implementation Plan and all related plans. 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Preapplication coordination is not applicable.

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.


Application Procedures

2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program.

Award Procedures

Once the project is designed and either fits within an approved Implementation Plan or is reviewed and approved by a Joint Ventures Management Board, a cooperative agreement or grant agreement is written, executed, and work can begin.


Not Applicable.


Fish and Wildlife Act, 16 U.S.C. §742 et seq.; Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act, 16 U.S.C. §§661-666; Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act, 16 U.S.C §2901 et seq.; Migratory Bird Treaty Act 16 U.S.C. §703 et seq.; and Endangered Species Act, 16 U.S.C. §§1531 et seq.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

180 Days.


Not Applicable.


None. Partners/potential partners may request additional projects to meet Joint Venture goals and objectives.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Statutory formulas are not applicable to this program. Matching requirements are not applicable to this program. MOE requirements are not applicable to this program.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Cooperative agreements are normally written for a 1 to 5 year period. For project cost-share grants, a 2 year period for expenditure of funds is the norm. Payments are generally made on a quarterly basis. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Funds are disbursed to recipients as requested and in accordance with 2 CFR 200, Subpart E-Cost Principles,otherwise prescribed in program-specific legislation or special award terms. Program will include any special payment terms and conditions in the notice of award.

Post Assistance Requirements


Program reports are not applicable.

Cash reports are not applicable.

All projects and activities are monitored for progress and compliance with agreed on scope of work.

Written reports on completion of the project are generally required.

Recipients are required to submit annual Federal Financial Report SF 425 within 90 calendar days after the grant year (i.e., 12 months after the approved effective date of the assistance agreement and every 12 months thereafter until the expiration date of the assistance agreement).

A final Federal Financial Report SF 425 is required 90 calendar days after the expiration or termination of the assistance agreement.

Recipients are responsible for monitoring and reporting performance each award and sub-award under this program in accordance with 2 CFR 200 and 2 CFR Part 170.


In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503.


The Recipient shall maintain a complete, detailed accounting system to report expenditures of grant funds and accomplishments achieved under the award. Records, accounts, and supporting documents must be retained for 3 years after submission of the final Federal Financial Status Report (SF 425).

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Cooperative Agreements (Discretionary Grants)) FY 17 $4,933,459; FY 18 est $5,000,000; and FY 19 est $5,000,000 - Project Grants (Discretionary): FY17 $4,933,459; FY18 est $5,000,000; and FY19 est $5,000,000.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

Range is $2,400 to $900,000; Average $225,000.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

Fish and Wildlife Service Policy 721 FW6, Joint Venture Implementation Plans, Joint Venture Accomplishment Reports.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

See Regional Agency Offices. See Catalog Appendix IV for addresses.

Headquarters Office

Joint Venture Liaison Officer, Joint Venture Liaison Officer, Division of Bird Habitat Conservation, Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, MS: MBSP, 5275 Leesburg Pike, , Falls Church, Virginia 22041-3803 Email: DBHC@fws.gov Phone: (703 ) 358-1784 Fax: (703) 358-2282.

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Applicants must be an existing or potential partner of a Joint Venture, and must agree to support Joint Venture goals and objectives. Project must fall within scope of a Management Board approved Joint Venture Implementation Plan and related conservation plans. Projects must contribute to overall Joint Venture goals and objectives. Project must be cost-effective. Projects that leverage grant funds with partner funds or in-kind services will receive preference.

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