Cooperative Agriculture

The objectives for the use of cooperative agriculture in the National Wildlife Refuge System (NWRS) are: Production or modification of specific cover types and/or growing methods that meet the life history requirements of species for which we have established objectives (e.g., waterfowl production);
and Production of foods for wildlife species for which we have established objectives or maintenance, rehabilitation, or reestablishment of natural habitat.
Grants for this Program

Agency - Department of the Interior

The Department of the Interior protects and provides access to the Nation's natural and cultural heritage, including responsibilities to Indian tribes and island communities. Departmental goals include resource protection and usage, overseeing recreational opportunities, serving communities and excellence in management.

Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2017: N/A. Fiscal Year 2018: N/A. Fiscal Year 2019: N/A.

Uses and Use Restrictions


This is a nonfinancial assistance program; no Federal funds are obligated or awarded to program participants.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Applicants must be private individuals or small business entities.

Beneficiary Eligibility

Selected cooperators who conduct cooperative agriculture on NWRS lands under this program, excluding coordination areas (which are areas managed by the Service in coordination with the States).


No Credentials or documentation are required. This program is excluded from coverage under 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Preapplication coordination is required.

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

This program is eligible for coverage under E.O.

12372, 'Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs.' An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.

Application Procedures

This program is excluded from coverage under 2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards. The program will post an annual Notice of Participation Opportunity on The annual notice will provide a link to the NWRS website where individual cooperative agricultural opportunities will be posted as they become available ( Individual cooperative agriculture opportunities will also be advertised through other national, regional, and local outreach channels as determined by the Service to be appropriate. The notice for each new opportunity will include a general description of the opportunity, the objective criteria the Service will use to evaluate applicants, the application due date, and application instructions. Individual cooperative agriculture agreements are typically approved for a 3-5 year period. Once that period ends, the Service will determine if those same cooperative agriculture activities should continue. If the Service will continue those same cooperative agriculture activities, a new individual cooperative agriculture opportunity will be posted on the NWRS website and made available for eligible entities to apply. In general and at a minimum, applicants must provide completed FWS Form 3-1383- C ( to apply for a cooperative agricultural opportunity. The Service will accept applications at the local refuge or complex office listed in the Notice in compliance with the terms and conditions in the Notice.

Award Procedures

The Service will score each application based on the objective criteria outlined in the NOFO, specific opportunity requirements, and factors that make a potential recipient uniquely qualified. The Service will select the applicant best suited to conduct cooperative agriculture on NWRS lands. The Service will notify all applicants individually within 90 days after the closing of the opportunity notice. Unsuccessful applicants will be notified in writing describing why they were unsuccessful and of their right to appeal any adverse decision in accordance with 50 CFR 25.45.


Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.


Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act, 16 U.S.C. §§661?666; Migratory Bird Conservation Act,16 U.S.C. §715 et seq.; National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act, 16 U.S.C. §§668dd-ee; and Refuge Revenue Sharing Act,16 U.S.C. §715s.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time





None. After the term of the CAA has ended, the Service will review the cooperative agricultural opportunity. If we plan to continue it, we will publish a notice and award the CAA again following a competitive review and selection process. Previous cooperators are eligible to participate but must apply to be considered.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Statutory formulas are not applicable to this program. Matching requirements are not applicable to this program. MOE requirements are not applicable to this program.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Once a cooperative agriculture opportunity has been awarded, the Service and the cooperator will work together to finalize the agreement terms and conditions. The program will include any special award terms and conditions in the notice of award. The program sends a notice of award to successful applicants.

Post Assistance Requirements


No program reports are required.

No cash reports are required.

No progress reports are required.

No expenditure reports are required.

The Service monitors cooperator performance and compliance with agreement terms and conditions as part of our substantial involvement responsibilities under this program.


No audits are required for this program.



Financial Information

Account Identification

00-0000-0-0-000 - N/A. This is a nonfinancial assistance program.


(Use of Property, Facilities, and Equipment) FY 17 $0; FY 18 est $0; and FY 19 est $0 - FY17 $0; FY18 $0; FY19 $0. Not Applicable. This is a nonfinancial assistance program.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

$0. This is a nonfinancial assistance program.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

For information about Program policy and guidelines see Service policy 620 FW 2, Cooperative Agriculture Use Policy in the Fish and Wildlife Service.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office


Headquarters Office

Aaron Mize U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife Refuge System Headquarters,, Falls Church, Virginia 22041-3803 Email: Phone: (703)358-2678

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Objective criteria may vary depending on the needs and objectives of a refuge (or other NWRS lands). Objective criteria may include: (1) Experience in the type of agricultural opportunity posted, especially personal experience on NWRS lands or comparable land; (2) Experience and ability to successfully cultivate crops or produce specific cover types and/or growing methods that meet the life history requirements of species for which we have established objectives under Service or similar restrictions; (3) Having the proper equipment, materials, labor, and/or other resources to participate in the cost-sharing nature of a CAA; and (4) Other objective criteria necessary to ensure the cooperative agriculture meets the resource management objectives of the NWRS lands.

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