Economic, Social, and Political Development of the Territories

The Office of Insular Affairs will pursue the Department?s mission of Fulfilling Our Trust and Insular Responsibilities by executing activities which bolster healthcare capacity, strengthen island economies, and fulfill U.S.

Compact obligations.

OIA carries out the Secretary?s

credit: Evening Times UK
responsibilities for U.S.-affiliated insular areas.

These include the territories of Guam, American Samoa, the U.S.

Virgin Islands (USVI), and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI).

Additionally, OIA administers and oversees Federal assistance to three freely associated states (FAS): the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) and the Republic of Palau (Palau).
Examples of Funded Projects

Fiscal Year 2017: Operational support to the American Samoa Government and grants for the construction of basic infrastructure including marina renovations, solid waste facility construction, power generation improvements, invasive species control tool development, coral reef protection, public safety equipment, staff training, and construction of basic infrastructure.

Fiscal Year 2018: No information available.

Fiscal Year 2019: No information available.

Agency - Department of the Interior

The Department of the Interior protects and provides access to the Nation's natural and cultural heritage, including responsibilities to Indian tribes and island communities. Departmental goals include resource protection and usage, overseeing recreational opportunities, serving communities and excellence in management.

Website Address

Selected Recipients for this Program

RecipientAmount Start DateEnd Date
Commonwealth Of The Northern Mariana Islands $ 350,000   2008-07-182030-06-03
Government Of Guam- Department Of Administration $ 3,077,000   2019-04-112024-09-30
Government Of The Marshall Isl Ands Ministry Of Finance-$ 15,677   2007-10-012024-09-30
American Samoa Government $ 1,500,000   2018-01-012024-09-30
Micronesia Conservation Trust-$ 171,817   2011-10-012024-09-30
American Samoa Medical Center Authority $ 3,454,950   2018-01-012024-09-30
American Samoa Shipyard Servi Ces Authority $ 2,000,000   2018-01-012024-09-30
American Samoa Government $ 8,420,164   2018-01-012024-09-30
Government Of The Marshall Isl Ands Ministry Of Finance-$ 101,988   2006-10-012024-09-30
Government Of Guam- Department Of Administration $ 1,920,000   2019-04-112024-09-30

Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2017: OIA financial assistance has enabled the seven insular areas to develop economically, socially, and politically helping to empower these communities. Recent accomplishments include the construction of classrooms, the installation of software to enhance government accountability, and the purchase of public safety equipment such as fire trucks and ambulances. Data on the number and ratio of applications is currently not available. Approximately 120 awards are made annually. Fiscal Year 2018: Information not available. Fiscal Year 2019: Information not available.

Uses and Use Restrictions

Financial assistance is limited to the U. S. territories, the Freely Associated States and to non-profit organizations whose missions directly benefit these seven insular areas.

A notable exception is the state of Hawaii which receives Compact Impact aid mandated by Public Law 108-188 and Brown Treesnake Control Program funding.

Financial assistance is used for a variety of activities including capital improvements, government operations, and technical assistance.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Eligible applicants are the U.S.

territories of Guam, American Samoa, the U.S.

Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the state of Hawaii; the Freely Associated States of the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau; and any non-profit institutions/organizations whose missions directly benefit the seven insular areas.

Beneficiary Eligibility

Beneficiaries are the U.S. territories of Guam, American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; the state of Hawaii; and the Freely Associated States of the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau.


Not applicable. 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

An environmental impact statement or an environmental impact assessment may be required depending on the project grant.

All proposed projects shall be reviewed for applicability.

An environmental impact statement is required for this program.

An environmental impact assessment is required for this program.

This program is eligible for coverage under E.O.

12372, 'Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs.' An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.

Application Procedures

2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. Application procedures vary. Please contact the Headquarters Office for specific information. The standard SF-424 forms are required for project grants with the exception of projects funded by the Compacts of Free Association.

Award Procedures

A grant award is made to an eligible entity in the specific amounts and for the specific purposes set forth in the annual Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriation Act signed by the President.


Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.


The Guam Organic Act, 64 Stat. 384, 48 U.S.C. 1421 et. seq., Act of February 20, 1929, 48 U.S.C. 1661; Executive Order 10264; Public Law 83-517, 48 U.S.C. et. seq.; Public Law 94-241, Public Law 104-134, Public Law 108-188, and Public Law 99-658.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Not Applicable.


Not Applicable.


Not Applicable.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Statutory Formula: Public Law 108-188. Matching Requirements: Matching Requirements: The majority of OIA's financial assistance programs do not have a matching requirement. The two exceptions are the American Samoa Capital Improvement Project Operations and Maintenance Set-Aside Program, which has a 5% local match requirement, and the Maintenance Assistance Program (MAP). However, MAP match requirements are left to the discretion of OIA and may be waived should the application warrant it. MOE requirements are not applicable to this program.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

The period of performance for OIA grants is dependent on the activity to be funded and is specified in the grant terms and conditions. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released:. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Award payments are generally made through ASAP Financial System. The frequency of the payment varies. Please contact the Headquarters Office for more information.

Post Assistance Requirements


Program reports are not applicable.

Cash reports are not applicable.

Narrative progress reports are required as dictated by the grant terms and conditions.

A final report is due within 90 days of grant completion or termination.

The SF-425 Federal Financial Report is required as directed by the grant terms and conditions.

Performance monitoring is not applicable.


In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503. Audits of the three Freely Associated States, when receiving funding under the Compacts of Free Association, are governed by those compacts (Public Law 108-188 and Public Law 99-658) and their related agreements. Financial assistance awards are also subject to inspection and audit by Interior's Office of the Inspector General, OIA staff, or any other authorized representative of the Federal government.


Record retention requirements are the same as those contained in 2 CFR 200 and those dictated by the Compacts of Free Association (Public Law 108-188 and Public Law 99-658) and their related agreements (as applicable).

Financial Information

Account Identification

14-0418-0-1-806; 14-0415-0-1-806; 14-0412-0-1-806; 14-0414-0-1-806.


(Direct Payments with Unrestricted Use) FY 17 $288,000,000; FY 18 est $288,000,000; and FY 19 Estimate Not Available. (Project Grants) FY 17 $319,867,000; FY 18 est $427,773,000; and FY 19 Estimate Not Available

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

There is no minimum or maximum award. OIA financial assistance awards range from a few thousand dollars to tens of millions annually. The average award amount varies annually.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

2 CFR 200

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office


Headquarters Office

Aimee Munzi Department of the Interior, Office of Insular Affairs, 1849 C Street, NW, Mail Stop 2429, Washington, District of Columbia 20240 Email: Phone: (202)208-3913

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

The following consideration will be used in determining projects to be funded: (1) Directed appropriations, (2) Relevance to program priorities, and (3) Availability of funds. Competitive criteria are detailed in the funding opportunity announcements on under CFDA 15.875.

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Edited by: Michael Saunders

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