National Historic Landmark

The Secretary of the Interior, through the National Park Service, for the purpose of effectuating the policy established by the Historic Sites Act of 1935, has the following powers and perform the following duties and functions: a) preserve for public use historic sites, buildings, and objects of national
significance for the inspiration and benefit of the people of the United States; b) make a survey of historic and archaeologic sites, buildings, and objects for the purpose of determining which possess exceptional value as commemorating or illustrating the history of the United States; c) make necessary investigations and researches in the United States relating to particular sites, buildings, or objects to obtain true and accurate historical and archaeological facts and information concerning the same; and d) erect and maintain tablets to mark or commemorate historic or prehistoric places and events of national historical or archaeological significance.

Agency - Department of the Interior

The Department of the Interior protects and provides access to the Nation's natural and cultural heritage, including responsibilities to Indian tribes and island communities. Departmental goals include resource protection and usage, overseeing recreational opportunities, serving communities and excellence in management.

Office - None.

See Catalog Appendix IV for addresses.

Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2017: Not applicable. Fiscal Year 2018: Not applicable. Fiscal Year 2019: Not applicable.

Uses and Use Restrictions

Properties recognized as National Historic Landmarks will, upon application by the owner or administrator, be awarded a bronze plaque attesting to the property's national significance.

At the same time, the applicant is requested to observe certain simple preservation precepts with regard to the property, but is not required by law to do so.

Should subsequent occurrences alter the historic qualities of the property, National Historic Landmark status may be revoked by the Secretary of the Interior and the plaque removed.

Automatic listing of National Historic Landmark properties in the National Register of Historic Places affords a degree of Federal protection under Section 106 of the Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended, and fulfills one of the prerequisites for Federal assistance under the National Register grants-in-aid program (see 15.904) and the Certain National Historic landmarks are also made eligible for Federal tax benefits and protections and technical preservation assessment and assistance.

Properties must meet the eligibility requirements specified for National Historic Landmarks in 36 CFR 65.4.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Property owners and general public.

Beneficiary Eligibility

Anyone may suggest that a property be considered for inclusion in an appropriate National Historic Landmark theme study, provided the property has a high degree of historic integrity and potential national significance with relation to some broad facet of American history. The owner of the property may be an individual, government, or corporate body. Properties of only State or local significance do not qualify.


Request should be supported by full discussion of national significance of property and documented integrity. This program is excluded from coverage under 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Preapplication coordination is not applicable.

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.


Application Procedures

This program is excluded from coverage under 2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards. lf the property is not listed in the National Register of Historic Places, write the National Historic Landmarks Survey giving a brief resume of the history of the property and its present condition and advising what assistance can be provided in the nomination process. lf the property is already listed in the National Register, provide a brief resume of the historical facts that justify consideration of national significance. Properties nominated to, or already listed in, the National Register of Historic Places at a national level of significance by the State Historic Preservation Officer may be reviewed by the National Historic Landmarks Survey staff.

Award Procedures

When the property has been investigated, findings, in the form of a thorough NHL nomination form, are presented to the National Park System Advisory Board which evaluates the property's national significance and high integrity and recommends a final action to the Secretary of the Interior. Owners of proposed landmarks are contacted prior to a landmark study, given an opportunity to comment on a final study, and then notified after designation of the landmark.


Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.


The Historic Sites Act of 1935, Public Law 74-292, 16 U.S.C. 461 et seq.; National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended, Public Law 89-665, 16 U.S.C. 470(t); National Historic Preservation Act Amendments of 1980, Public Law 96-515; 16 U.S.C. 470; Public Law 118-287, 54 U.S.C. 320102.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Determined by scheduling of theme studies, availability of staff or funds, and proximity to twice yearly Advisory Board meetings.


Owner comments and approval to designate are sought prior to the meeting of the Advisory Board. Board meetings are open to the public. Appeals process is outlined in program regulations (36 CFR 65.10).



Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Statutory formulas are not applicable to this program. Matching requirements are not applicable to this program. MOE requirements are not applicable to this program.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Assistance is provided when requested. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: None.

Post Assistance Requirements


Program reports are not applicable.

Cash reports are not applicable.

Progress reports are not applicable.

Expenditure reports are not applicable.

National Park Service personnel make periodic inquiries and inspections to determine continuing eligibility of National Historic Landmark properties and to identify those which exhibit known or anticipated damage or threats to the integrity of their resources.


Not Applicable.



Financial Information

Account Identification



(Advisory Services and Counseling) FY 17 $0; FY 18 est $0; and FY 19 est $0 - (Advisory Services and Counseling) FY 17 $0; FY 18 est. $0; and FY 19 est. $0 - FY 16: Funding is for staff involvement in the review of properties, technical assistance and staff time. No monetary awards are included in this program.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

Range $20,000.00 to $100,000.00 in nonmonetary support. Average $50,000.00 on non-monetary support.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

List of National Historic Landmarks available upon request. Regulations (36 CFR 65, et seq.) were published in the 'Federal Register' on February 2, 1983. Copies of regulations also available upon request. Upon request, a bulletin on 'How to Prepare National Historic Landmark Nominations' is available.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

None. See Catalog Appendix IV for addresses.

Headquarters Office

Christopher Hetzel National Park Service, 1849 C Street NW (mail stop 7228), Washington, District of Columbia 20240 Email: Phone: (202) 354-2246

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Program criteria are not based on: cost of the project, qualification of principal investigator or institution, merit or a combination of these considerations. Criteria (cited in greater detail in 36 CFR 65.4) require that a historic property be a nationally significant district, site, building, structure or object that possess exceptional value or quality in illustrating or interpreting the heritage of the United States in history, architecture, archeology, engineering and culture, and that possesses a high degree of historic integrity of location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling and, association.

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