Justice Reinvestment Initiative

The Justice Reinvestment Initiative employs a data-driven approach to improve public safety, reduce corrections and related criminal justice spending, and reinvest savings in strategies that can decrease crime and strengthen neighborhoods.

JRI provides technical assistance and competitive financial

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support to states, counties, cities, and tribal authorities that are either currently engaged in justice reinvestment or are well positioned to undertake such work.

JRI technical assistance supports states? justice system stakeholders and policy leaders as they devise and implement data-driven approaches to criminal justice reform.

Under the JRI model, a governmental working group with bipartisan and inter-branch representation analyzes the correctional population and its costs, develops cost-effective policy options, and implements reforms to manage correctional populations while enhancing public safety.

JRI jurisdictions reinvest these cost savings into high-performing initiatives that make communities safer.

In addition to reducing prison populations, justice reinvestment encourages states to embrace a culture of greater collaboration, data-driven decision-making, and increased use of evidence-based practices.

States may also compete for direct funding through the Justice Reinvestment Initiative: Maximizing State Reforms program which is designed to cement or amplify the goals of states? justice reinvestment reform efforts, deepening their investment in and commitment to and use of data-driven decision-making and evidence-based practices and programs.

The objectives of the Maximizing State Reforms program are the following:

? Increase corrections costs saved or avoided by reducing unnecessary confinement.
? Increase reinvestment in evidence-based practices that reduce recidivism.
? Support justice reinvestment reform efforts by promoting and increasing collaboration among agencies and officials who work in criminal justice, including state and local policymakers, law enforcement, prosecution, defense, pretrial, courts, probation, treatment, corrections, reentry, and parole.
? Enhance the translation of evidence into practice by supporting the use of data analysis results to inform policy decisions.

Agency - Department of Justice

The Department of Justice enforces the law and defends the interest of the United States, ensuring public safety against threats foreign and domestic; providing Federal leadership in preventing and controlling crime; seeking just punishment for those guilty of unlawful pursuits; and ensuring fair and impartial administration of justice for all Americans.

Website Address


Relevant Nonprofit Program Categories

Selected Recipients for this Program

RecipientAmount Start DateEnd Date
North Dakota Supreme Court $ 998,302   2021-10-012024-10-31
Judiciary Courts Of The State Of Arkansas $ 1,000,000   2021-10-012024-09-30
Judiciary Courts Of The State Of Nebraska $ 999,663   2021-10-012024-09-30
North Carolina Department Of Public Safety $ 990,763   2021-10-012024-09-30
Juvenile Justice, Virginia Department Of $ 1,000,000   2021-10-012024-09-30
Louisiana, State Of $ 1,000,000   2021-10-012024-09-30
Illinois Department Of Juvenile Justice $ 993,518   2021-10-012024-09-30
Missouri State Public Defender $ 996,466   2020-10-012023-09-30
Rhode Island And Providence Plantations Department Of Corrections $ 655,628   2020-10-012023-09-30
Public Safety, Vermont Department Of $ 1,000,000   2020-10-012023-09-30

Program Accomplishments

Not Applicable.

Uses and Use Restrictions

? Engagement of stakeholders across branches of government, political parties, and key special interest groups such as victim advocates, prosecutors, etc. ? Analysis of data to identify criminal justice population and cost drivers.

? Development of policy framework that leads to enacted JRI legislation at the state level. ? Implementation of JRI legislation through high-performing programs and strategies to reduce incarceration costs and increase public safety.

? Measurement of implementation of JRI strategy and reinvestment.

? Other technical assistance to support evidence-based strategies to improve public safety consistent with JRI principles.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Eligible applicants are units of state government and federally recognized Indian tribal governments (as determined by the Secretary of the Interior) that can demonstrate substantial completion of the Justice Reinvestment Initiative model.

Beneficiary Eligibility

See the current fiscal year?s solicitation available at the Office of Justice Programs web site at https://ojp.gov/funding/Explore/CurrentFundingOpportunities.htm.


The application must include: Application for Federal Assistance (Standard Form 424); Program Abstract; Program Narrative; Budget and Budget Narrative. 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Preapplication coordination is required.

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

This program is eligible for coverage under E.O.

12372, 'Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs.' An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.

Application Procedures

2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. Applicants must submit completed applications via the Office of Justice Programs, Grants Management System or through grants.gov following established criteria. The receipt, review, and analysis of applications will follow Office of Justice Programs policies and procedures for the administration of grant applications. Specific application instructions for solicitations are available at the Office of Justice Programs web site https://ojp.gov/funding/Explore/CurrentFundingOpportunities.htm.

Award Procedures

Upon approval by the Assistant Attorney General (for science offices, would be the Director of the applicable Office), successful applicants are notified via the Grants Management System. One copy of the grant award must be signed by the authorized official and returned to the Office of Justice Programs.


Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.


An act appropriating funds for the Department of Justice in the current fiscal year.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

From 90 to 120 days. See the current fiscal year?s solicitation available at the Office of Justice Programs web site https://ojp.gov/funding/Explore/CurrentFundingOpportunities.htm.


From 90 to 120 days. There are no appeal rights for rejection of a discretionary application. Please see 28 CFR Part 18.


From 90 to 120 days. Yes, a grant can be supplemented or granted a no-cost extension, subject to BJA policy and contingent upon available appropriation.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

This program has no statutory formula. This program has no matching requirements. For direct grants to states, if a state has measured and reinvested savings (either projected or actual costs saved or avoided) into evidence-based strategies to reduce recidivism and make communities safer (see Selection Criteria outlined in the Solicitation for specifics), this solicitation does not require a match. If such a state proposes a voluntary match amount, however, and OJP approves the budget, the total match amount incorporated into the approved budget becomes mandatory and subject to audit. If a state has not measured and reinvested savings (see Selection Criteria outlined in the Solicitation for specifics), a match is required, and the following requirements apply: ? The amount of the match must equal the amount of federal funds being sought. ? Match funds are subject to the same regulations and restrictions as the federal funds for this program. ? Applicants must identify the source of the non-federal funds and how they will use the funds. If a successful applicant?s proposed match exceeds the required match amount, and OJP approves the budget, the total match amount incorporated into the approved budget becomes mandatory and subject to audit. ? Applicants may satisfy this match requirement with cash, in-kind services, or a combination of the two. ? Match funds must be used for one or more of the state?s reinvestment strategies identified in the justice reinvestment process. For example, match funding can be used to expand or improve community-based treatment only if the JRI legislation or task force identified community-based treatment as a reinvestment priority. As another example, match funding could be used for skills-based trainings for probation officers if the state?s reinvestment strategies included more effective community supervision. ? Applicants must identify the target(s) of the reinvestment match with specificity, including, if applicable, names of agencies, service providers, or staff positions to be funded; a description of the kind of service to be provided or functions to be performed; what period of time will be covered; and amounts of funding. Applicants must document these commitments by including relevant attachments to the application. Example: For a federal award amount of $1,750,000, the required reinvestment match is $1,750,000. MOE requirements are not applicable to this program.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

See the current fiscal year?s solicitation available at the Office of Justice Programs web site https://ojp.gov/funding/Explore/CurrentFundingOpportunities.htm. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Competitive award and money are released when grantee draws down funds based on an approve timeline. For specifics pertaining to this program, please see the current fiscal year?s program solicitation available at the Office of Justice Programs web site (https://ojp.gov/funding/Explore/CurrentFundingOpportunities.htm). For additional information, see the Department of Justice Grants Financial Guide section on ?Period of Availability of Funds' at https://ojp.gov/financialguide/DOJ/PostawardRequirements/chapter3.2a.htm.

Post Assistance Requirements


Program reports are not applicable.

Cash reports are not applicable.

Recipients are required to submit semi-annual Progress Reports.

Recipients are required to submit quarterly Financial Reports.

To assist in fulfilling the Departments responsibilities under the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 (GPRA), Public Law 103-62, and the GPRA Modernization Act of 2010, Public Law 111?352, recipients must provide data that measures the results of their work.


In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503. Payments and transactions are subject to audits by the Government Accountability Office, Department of Justice?s Office of the Inspector General, state or local government auditors, and auditors from independent public accounting firms. Jurisdictions must follow their local policies and procedures, including maintenance of reliable and accurate accounting systems, record keeping, and systems of internal control.


See 2 CFR 200 for the government-wide requirements for maintenance of records by grant recipients.

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Project Grants (Discretionary)) FY 16 $24,224,613; FY 17 est $25,000,000; and FY 18 est $22,000,000

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

See the current fiscal year?s solicitation available at the Office of Justice Programs web site https://ojp.gov/funding/Explore/CurrentFundingOpportunities.htm.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

Solicitation guidelines are posted on the Office of Justice Programs web site at https://ojp.gov/funding/Explore/CurrentFundingOpportunities.htm . For additional guidance reference the Department of Justice Grants Financial Guide (https://ojp.gov/financialguide/DOJ/index.htm) and Post award Instructions (https://ojp.gov/financialguide/DOJ/PostawardRequirements/index.htm). Applicable administrative requirements and Department of Justice regulations applicable to specific types of grantees can be found in title 2 of the Code of Federal Regulations (2 C.F.R.).

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office


Headquarters Office

BJA Policy Advisor U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Bureau of Justice Assistance 810 7th Street, NW, Washington, District of Columbia 20531 Phone: 202-616-6500

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Criteria are described in the OJP Program Announcement available at the Office of Justice Programs web site https://ojp.gov/funding/Explore/CurrentFundingOpportunities.htm.

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