Federal Lands Access Program

The goal of the Federal Lands Access Program is to improve transportation facilities that provide access to, are adjacent to, or are located within Federal lands.

The Access Program supplements State and local resources for public roads, transit systems, and other transportation facilities, with
an emphasis on high-use recreation sites and economic generators.

The program is designed to provide flexibility for a wide range of transportation projects in the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.

A Programming Decisions Committee (PDC) within each State will make programming decisions and should develop a multi-year program of projects.
Examples of Funded Projects

Fiscal Year 2016: Completed: The City of Crystal River Florida of Citrus County, project for Three Sisters Spring Site, FL ? This project constructed a 44-foot wide entranceway to Three Sister Spring site at the Crystal River National Wildlife Refuge (NWR).

The roadway cross section now has two lanes heading out of the refuge and one lane heading into the refuge with an 8-foot median in the middle.

A 5-foot by 7-foot precast box culvert with concrete end walls, curbs and gutters, and a sidewalk for the entranceway.

Native species were planted for landscaping and the roadway was sloped toward a bios wale.

The Crystal River NWR was established specifically to protect the endangered West Indian Manatee, for a population of nearly 600 manatees as this is their primary habitat and safe haven during winter months.

The refuge attracts 100,000 visitors annually to see and swim with manatees, and manatee viewing opportunities are predominantly only available from the water.

Other recreational opportunities are sport fishing, snorkeling, motorized and non-motorized boating, wildlife observation and nature photography.

Fiscal Year 2017: Ongoing FY17: La Sal Mountain Loop Road, UT: Grand County Road 73/San Juan County Road B127 (La Sal Mountain Loop Road) is a primary access route to the Manti-La Sal National Forest near Moab in southeastern Utah.

This route provides access to many recreational opportunities in the National Forest including hiking, rock climbing, camping, world class mountain biking, as well as providing a scenic and challenging road biking route that is used for many race events in the area.

This project consists of 12.3 miles of the route and includes minor widening, pavement rehabilitation, retaining walls, drainage and safety improvements.

The emphasis of the scope of this work is to improve the pavement condition as well as providing a consistent roadway section to improve safety.

The pavement along this section of road varies in width and is in extremely poor condition with significant areas of transverse and longitudinal cracking, alligator cracking, bleeding, stripping, raveling, rutting, potholes, and edge deterioration.

The project continues a strong partnership with both counties as well as the National Forest in delivering this exceptional project.

Fiscal Year 2018: Project planned FY18: WA JEFF 91420(1) Upper Hoh River Road, WA - The goal of this project is to preserve vehicular access to Olympic National Park?s Hoh Rain Forest by addressing immediate access issues on the Upper Hoh Road along the Hoh River in Jefferson County, WA.

The project will repair the four most critical infrastructure deficiencies along the Jefferson County segment of the Upper Hoh Road including: 1) Stabilize middle revetment segment at MP 4 by replacing dislodged riprap and installing three stream barbs; 2) Replace Tower Creek Bridge at MP 7.5 with single-span, 130-foot bridge on new upstream alignment; 3) Relocate the river channel away from the road at MP 7 by shifting the active river channel 400 feet with 4 to 6 engineered log jams; and 4) Replace Canyon Creek Culvert MP 10.23 with multi-span bridge, 160 to 180 feet in length.

An infrastructure failure at any one of these sites could result in a long-term closure of the sole vehicular access to the Hoh Rain Forest.

An estimated 85% of the traffic on the Upper Hoh Road enters Olympic National Park.

Agency - Department of Transportation

The Department of Transportation's mission is to ensure fast, safe, efficient, accessible and convenient transportation that meets vital national interests and enhances the quality of life of the American people, today and into the future.

Office - See Regional Agency Offices.

Regional Agency Offices.

For specific State information visit https://flh.fhwa.dot.gov/programs/flap/.

Selected Recipients for this Program

RecipientAmount Start DateEnd Date
Transportation, Virginia Department Of $ 1,500,000   2022-01-122027-12-31
Juneau, City & Borough Of $ 5,000   2022-03-162025-12-31
Transportation, Pennsylvania Department Of $ 643,000   2017-09-072025-12-31
Transportation, Michigan Department Of $ 1,125,000   2020-10-272025-09-10
Transportation, Alabama Dept Of $ 468,443   2021-09-072024-12-31
Transportation, Minnesota Department Of $ 1,000,000   2021-09-032024-12-31
Transportation, Iowa Dept Of $ 1,100,000   2021-09-032024-12-31
Maryland Port Administration $ 360,000   2021-09-032024-12-31
Transportation, Tennessee Department Of $ 168,763   2021-07-282024-12-31
Linn County Board Of Commissioners $ 2,793,315   2020-05-202024-12-31

Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2016: FHWA obligated approximately $230 Million for FLAP projects. Fiscal Year 2017: FHWA will obligate approximately $230 Million for FLAP projects. Fiscal Year 2018: FHWA will obligate approximately $240 Million for FLAP projects.

Uses and Use Restrictions

Funds made available under the Access Program shall be used to pay the cost of: A. transportation planning, research, engineering, preventive maintenance, rehabilitation, restoration, construction, and reconstruction of Federal Lands Access Transportation Facilities located on or adjacent to, or that provide access to, Federal land, and- i. adjacent vehicular parking areas; ii. acquisition of necessary scenic easements and scenic or historic sites; iii. provisions for pedestrians and bicycles; iv. environmental mitigation in or adjacent to Federal land to improve public safety and reduce vehicle-caused wildlife mortality while maintaining habitat connectivity; v. construction and reconstruction of roadside rest areas, including sanitary and water facilities; and vi. other appropriate public road facilities, as determined by the Secretary; B. operation and maintenance of transit facilities; and C. any transportation project eligible for assistance under title 23 that is within or adjacent to, or that provides access to, Federal land. In regard to (B) above, 'operation and maintenance of transit facilities' includes the operation of all components of a transit system, including vehicles. The eligibility under (C) above includes transit capital projects eligible under Chapter 53 of title 49, United States Code, that are also eligible under title 23 and that are within or adjacent to, or that provides access to, Federal lands open to the public.

By law, these funds are to be used on publicly owned or maintained transportation facilities open to the public.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Only the owner of the affected transportation asset or assets may submit an application.

Beneficiary Eligibility

State transportation departments, other State agencies, local agencies, and Federal agencies.


No Credentials or documentation are required. This program is excluded from coverage under 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Preapplication coordination is required.

An environmental impact assessment is required for this program.

This program is eligible for coverage under E.O.

12372, 'Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs.' An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.

Application Procedures

2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. As required by law, a programming decisions committee (PDC) is responsible for the Access Program programming decisions in each State and must be comprised of a representative of: ? The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA); ? The State Department of Transportation; and ? An appropriate political subdivision of the State. The representative for local governments should be from an organization or entity that is suited to represent the local entities responsible for building, operating, or maintaining transportation facilities that are located on, are adjacent to, or provide access to Federal lands. The local representative should work cooperatively with representatives of local public transportation providers that provide access to or within Federal recreation areas within the State. Depending on State law, such entities could include the Association of County Engineers or Officials in many States. In States with only one or two Federal facilities, the local interests may best be represented by the Metropolitan or Regional Transportation Planning Organization, whose jurisdiction includes the Federal area. In other States where the predominant Federal facility is adjacent to a gateway community, the municipality or other local entity may be the appropriate representative. Regardless, the local representative should represent local interests for access to Federal lands statewide. The local representative may not be affiliated with or work for the Executive Branch of the Federal or State government. The FHWA will work with the State DOT to identify an appropriate local representative. The PDC in each State should develop Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) that may be part of a Statewide Program Agreement.

Award Procedures

PDCs decide which projects will be developed within available funding. Award procedures will follow the procedures developed the delivery agency, as long as they are consistent with federal law. Projects administered by the FHWA Office of Federal Lands Highways or the FLMAs are subject to procurement processes identified in the Federal Acquisition Regulations. Project awards are subject the availability of funds.


Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.


Fixing America?s Surface Transportation Act (FAST), Public Law 114-94, 23 U.S.C 204; Section 1119 of the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21) , Public Law 112-141, 23 U.S.C 204.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Not Applicable.


Not Applicable.


Not Applicable.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Statutory Formula: Title 23 USC, Part 204(b). Matching Requirements: Percent: 20%. Percent: 20%. Typically, 80% of costs are federally funded with a 20% matching requirement. See 23 USC 120. Exceptions apply; contact FHWA for specific information. This program has MOE requirements, see funding agency for further details.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

The funds made available under this program will be available for the current year plus three additional years. Method of awarding/releasing assistance: lump sum.

Post Assistance Requirements


No reports are required.


In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503.


Project records and documents must be retained by the State or other governmental recipients/ sub-recipients as specified in 2 CFR 200.333. For the Federal Lands Highway Program, the Federal Lands Highway Divisions maintain the project records.

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Formula Grants) FY 16 $232,009,953; FY 17 est $236,640,000; and FY 18 est $247,000,000 - For Access Program Funding Amounts by State visit: https://flh.fhwa.dot.gov/programs/flap/. Under the Access Program resources section, there is a worksheet with the funding distribution amounts by fiscal year.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

No Data Available.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

23 CFR, 'Highways' and 49 CFR, 'Transportation', and 2 CFR 200, Grants and Agreements. http://www.fhwa.gov.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

See Regional Agency Offices. Regional Agency Offices. For specific State information visit https://flh.fhwa.dot.gov/programs/flap/.

Headquarters Office

Frances Ramirez 1200 New Jersey Avenu, Washington, District of Columbia 20590 Email: Frances.Ramirez@dot.gov Phone: (202) 493-0271

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Each FLAP project is selected from a pool of applications submitted by the facility owner in response to a state-wide call for projects. The call for projects frequency is determined by the PDC based on the funds available. The applications are screened, rated, and ranked using the PDC approved rating criteria. The PDC agrees which projects met the established State program goals and conformed to the project ranking criteria. Based upon these evaluations, the proposed projects are recommended for programming within the available funding for each State.

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