Brownfields Assessment and Cleanup Cooperative Agreements

Brownfield sites are real property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant.

The objectives of the brownfield assessment, revolving loan fund and cleanup cooperative agreements

credit: Al_HikesAZ on Flickr
(project grants) are to provide funding: (1) to inventory, characterize, assess, and conduct planning and community involvement related to brownfield sites; (2) to capitalize a revolving loan fund (RLF) and provide subgrants to carry out cleanup activities at brownfield sites; and (3) to carry out cleanup activities at brownfield sites that are owned by the grant recipient.



Funding Priority - Fiscal Year 2015: Funding supported at 179 assessment cooperative agreements (estimated $41.9 million) that recipients may use to inventory, assess, cleanup and plan reuse at Brownfields sites, as authorized under CERCLA 104(k)(2).

Funding supported 64 direct cleanup cooperative agreements (estimated $12.4 million) to enable eligible entities to clean up properties that the recipient owns.



Funding Priority - Fiscal Year 2016: Funding supported 145 assessment cooperative agreements (estimated $33.1 million) that recipients may use to inventory, assess, cleanup and plan reuse at Brownfields sites, as authorized under CERCLA 104(k)(2).

Funding supported 59 direct cleanup cooperative agreements (estimated $11 million) to enable eligible entities to clean up properties that the recipient owns.

Funding supported 14 competitive RLF cooperative agreements (estimated at $11.1 million) and 33 RLF supplemental awards (estimated at $10.7 million) to capitalize a revolving loan fund and provide subgrants to carry out cleanup activities at brownfield sites.



Funding Priority - Fiscal Year 2017: Funding supported 208 assessment cooperative agreements (estimated at $43.1 million) that recipients may use to inventory, assess, cleanup and plan reuse at Brownfields sites, as authorized under CERCLA 104(k)(2).

Funding will support approximately 71 direct cleanup cooperative agreements (estimated $13.7 million) to enable eligible entities to clean up properties that the recipient owns.

The agency awarded 11 RLF supplemental awards (estimated $5.35 million).



Funding Priority - Fiscal Year 2018: Funding will support at least 145 assessment cooperative agreements (estimated $33.5 million) that recipients may use to inventory, assess, cleanup and plan reuse at Brownfields sites, as authorized under CERCLA 104(k)(2).

Funding will support at least 38 direct cleanup cooperative agreements (estimated $7.5 million) to enable eligible entities to clean up properties that the recipient owns.

Funding will support 15 competitive RLF cooperative agreements (estimated at $9 million) and 12 RLF supplemental awards (estimated at $5 million) to capitalize a revolving loan fund and provide subgrants to carry out cleanup activities at brownfield sites.
Related Programs

Examples of Funded Projects

Fiscal Year 2016: (1) 145 assessment grants were selected to complete brownfield site inventories, Phase I & II environmental site assessments and community engagement activities.

(2) 59 cleanup grants were selected to cleanup contaminated properties.

End uses include neighborhood development, commercial development, arts center, business park, wellness center/clinic, community health center, theater, and office space.

These period of performance for these cooperative agreements are anticipated to be from 10/01/16 to 9/30/19.

(3) 14 revolving loan fund grants were selected for recipients to establish a loan program that will capitalize and provide loans to eligible subrecipients to cleanup contaminated properties.

These period of performance for these cooperative agreements are anticipated to be from 10/01/16 to 9/30/21.

Fiscal Year 2017: No content available.

Fiscal Year 2018: No Current Data Available


Agency - Environmental Protection Agency

The mission of the Environmental Protection Agency is to protect human health and the environment. Since 1970, EPA has been working for a cleaner, healthier environment for the American people.

Office - See Regional Agency Offices.

Regional Brownfields Coordinators: EPA Region 1, New England, Frank Gardner, 5 Post Office Square Ste 100, Mail Code: OSRR7-2, Boston, MA 02109-3912, Phone (617) 918-1278, Fax (617) 918-1291, gardner.frank@epa.gov; EPA Region 2, Lya Theodoratos, 290 Broadway, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10007, Phone (212) 637-3260, Fax (212) 637-4360, theodoratos.lya@epa.gov; EPA Region 3, Tom Stolle, 1650 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103, Phone (215) 814-3129, Fax (215) 814-5518, stolle.tom@epa.gov; EPA Region 4, Barbara Alfano, Sam Nunn Atlanta Federal Center, 61 Forsyth Street S.W., 10th Floor, Atlanta, GA 30303, Phone (404) 562- 8923, Fax (404) 562-8628, alfano.barbara@epa.gov; EPA Region 5, Gary Schafer,77 West Jackson Boulevard, Mail Code: SE-7J Chicago, Illinois 60604-3507,Phone (312) 353-8827, Fax (312) 353-8227,schafer.gary@epa.gov; EPA Region 6, Mary Kemp, First Interstate Bank Tower at Fountain Place, 1445 Ross Avenue, Suite 1200 (6SF-VB, Dallas, Texas 75202-2733, Phone (214) 665-8358, Fax (214) 665-6660, kemp.mary@epa.gov; EPA Region 7, Susan Klein, 11201 Renner Blvd, Lenexa, Kansas 66219, Phone (913) 551-7786, Fax (913) 551-8688, klein.susan@epa.gov; EPA Region 8, Dan Heffernan, 1595 Wynkoop Street (EPR-B), Denver, Colorado 80202-1129, Phone (303) 312-7074, Fax (303) 312-6067, heffernan.daniel@epa.gov; EPA Region 9, Noemi Emeric-Ford, 600 Wilshire Blvd, Suite 1460, Los Angeles, California 90017, Phone (213) 244-1821, Fax (213) 244-1850, emeric-ford.noemi@epa.gov; EPA Region 10, Susan Morales, 1200 Sixth Avenue, Seattle, Washington 98101, Phone (206) 553-7299, Fax (206) 553-0124, morales.susan@epa.gov.

Relevant Nonprofit Program Categories





Selected Recipients for this Program


RecipientAmount Start DateEnd Date
Akron, City Of $ 1,000,000   2011-10-012016-09-30
Downriver Community Conference $ 650,000   2012-10-012015-09-30
Tilton, Town Of $ 200,000   2012-10-012015-09-30
City Of South Bend $ 360,000   2009-10-012014-12-31
County Of Nye $ 1,000,000   2011-10-012014-12-30
Bridgeport, City Of $ 400,000   2009-12-172014-12-16
Emeryville, City Of $ 1,500,000   2009-10-012014-10-31
Huachuca City, City Of $ 400,000   2011-10-012014-10-30
Natural Resources, Wisconsin Dept Of $ 2,000,000   2009-08-012014-09-30
Lexington-fayette Urban County Government $ 400,000   2010-07-012014-09-30



Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2016: In FY16, 1,1384 sites had been assessed, 135 properties cleaned up, 10,351 jobs leveraged, $1.77 billion leveraged and 7,312 acres ready for reuse. Fiscal Year 2017: To date in FY17, 1,296 sites have been assessed, 124 properties cleaned up, 5,564 jobs leveraged, $1.1 billion leveraged and 4,827 acres ready for reuse. Fiscal Year 2018: No Current Data Available

Uses and Use Restrictions

For site specific projects, the site must meet the definition of a brownfields site found at CERCLA 101(39).

As part of the application process, EPA provides guidance to assist grant applicants in determining whether sites meet this definition.

(1) The brownfields grants may be used to address sites contaminated by petroleum and hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants (including hazardous substances co-mingled with petroleum).

(2) Brownfields assessment grant funds may be used to inventory, characterize, assess, and conduct planning and community involvement related to brownfield sites.

(3) An RLF project grant recipient must use at least 50 percent of the awarded funds to capitalize and implement a revolving loan fund; an RLF project grant recipient may use no more than 50 percent of the awarded funds for cleanup subgrants and may not subgrant to itself.

Revolving loan fund project grants generally are used to provide no-interest or low-interest loans for brownfields cleanups.

(4) An RLF project grant recipient may use its funds to award subgrants to other eligible entities, including nonprofit organizations, for brownfields cleanups on sites owned by the subgrantee; (5) Brownfields cleanup grant funds must be used to carry out cleanup activities at brownfield sites that are owned by the grant recipient.

(6) Costs incurred under CERCLA 104(k) grants or cooperative agreements may not be used for an administrative cost, penalty or fine, a Federal cost-share requirement, a response cost for which the recipient of the grant or cooperative agreement is potentially liable under CERCLA 107, or the cost of complying with a Federal law, with the exception of the costs of laws applicable to cleanup of Brownfields sites. Grant recipients and sub-recipients are encouraged to adopt and enforce policies that ban text messaging while driving company-owned or -rented vehicles or government-owned vehicles, or while driving privately-owned vehicles when on official government business or when performing any work for or on behalf of the government.

Grant recipients and sub-recipients are encouraged to conduct initiatives of the type described in section 3(a) of the Federal Leadership on Reducing Text Messaging While Driving Executive Order that was signed on October 1, 2009.

Generally this program makes Federal awards on a discretionary basis.

For further information, please contact the Headquarters or regional office.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Eligibility for Assessment, Revolving Loan Fund, and Cleanup Grants: a general purpose unit of local government; a land clearance authority or other quasi-governmental entity that operates under the supervision and control of, or as an agent of, a general purpose unit of local government; a government entity created by a State legislature; a regional council or group of general purpose units of local government; a redevelopment agency that is chartered or otherwise sanctioned by a State; a State; an Indian Tribe other than in Alaska; an Alaska Native Regional Corporation, Alaska Native Village Corporation and the Metlakatla Indian Community.

Nonprofit organizations that own the property are also eligible for cleanup grants.

Nonprofit organizations must meet the definition of that term in Section 4(6) of the Federal Financial Assistance Management Improvement Act of 1999, Public Law 96-107, 31 U.S.C.

6101 (Note: Under this definition, colleges, universities, and community colleges are eligible to apply.) However, nonprofit organizations described in Section 501(c)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code that engage in lobbying activities as defined in Section 3 of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 are not eligible to apply.

For-profit organizations are not eligible to apply for direct funding from EPA.

However, for profit organizations may apply for loans made by eligible entities with RLF capitalization grants.

For certain competitive funding opportunities under this CFDA description, the Agency may limit eligibility to compete to a number or subset of eligible applicants consistent with the Agency's Assistance Agreement Competition Policy.

Beneficiary Eligibility

Generally, those eligible entities identified above will benefit from the brownfields grant actions. Specifically, individuals and commercial organizations in brownfields grant communities will benefit from brownfields assessment, cleanup, and revitalization funding. New strategies for promoting environmental cleanup lessons from these grants will provide a growing base of information and knowledge for other communities across the country seeking partnerships with stakeholders to coordinate issues related to brownfields and leverage additional opportunities for redevelopment.

Credentials/Documentation

EPA may require that nonprofit organizations or eligible entities other than states, tribes, or general purpose units of local government provide documentation of eligibility. EPA may also require that applicants provide site specific information to determine whether a site qualifies as a Brownfields site under CERCLA 101(39). 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Regarding pre-application/pre-proposal assistance with respect to competitive funding opportunities under this program description, EPA will generally specify the nature of the pre-application/pre-proposal assistance, if any, that will be available to applicants in the competitive announcement.

For additional information, contact the individual(s) listed as 'Information Contacts' or see Appendix IV of the Catalog.

This program is eligible for coverage under E.O.

12372, 'Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs.' An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review..

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

This program is eligible for coverage under E.O.

12372, 'Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs.' An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.

Application Procedures

2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. This is a competitive grant program. EPA guidelines for Requests for Proposals or Requests for Applications will specify application procedures. For EPA Regional Office contacts, see Appendix IV of the Catalog. The standard application forms as furnished by the Federal agency and required by OMB Circular No. A-102 and A-110 must be used for this program. EPA requires final applications to be made on Standard Form 424. Applicants, except in limited circumstances approved by the Agency, must submit all initial applications for funding through http://www.grants.gov.

Award Procedures

This is a competitive grant program. EPA guidelines for Requests for Proposals or Requests for Applications will specify award procedures. For EPA Regional Office contacts, see Appendix IV of the Catalog. For competitive awards, EPA will review and evaluate applications, proposals, and/or submissions in accordance with the terms, conditions, and criteria stated in the competitive announcement. Competitions will be conducted in accordance with EPA policies/regulations for competing assistance agreements. For the Recovery Act funding, EPA will award separate cooperative agreements.

Deadlines

Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.

Authorization

The Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act of 2002, Public Law 107-118; Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) of 1980, as amended , 42 U.S.C 9601(39)&9604k; American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Approximately 180 days.

Appeals

Assistance agreement competition-related disputes will be resolved in accordance with the dispute resolution procedures published in 70 FR (Federal Register) 3629, 3630 (January 26, 2005). Copies of these procedures may also be requested by contacting the individual(s) listed as 'Information Contacts.' Disputes relating to matters other than the competitive selection of recipients will be resolved under 2 CFR 1500 Subpart E, as applicable.

Renewals

Recipients of RLF grants may apply for additional funding on a non-competitive basis during any year after the first year the recipient receives an RLF grant. To seek additional funding, RLF grant recipients should contact their EPA Regional Office. In awarding this additional funding the Agency will consider: (I) the number of sites and number of communities that are addressed by the revolving loan fund; (II) the demand for funding by eligible entities that have not previously received an RLF grant; (III) the demonstrated ability of the eligible entity to use the revolving loan fund to enhance remediation and provide funds on a continuing basis; and (IV) other similar factors, including the availability of funds and the recipient's performance history. Recipients of assessment and cleanup grants generally do not receive additional funding on a non-competitive basis.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

This program has no statutory formula. Matching Requirements: Matching requirements are not applicable for brownfield assessment grants. Under CERCLA 104(k)(9)(B)(iii) revolving loan fund and cleanup grants require a 20 percent cost share, which may be in the form of a contribution of money, labor, material, or services, and must be for eligible and allowable costs. An RLF or cleanup grant applicant may request a waiver of the 20 percent cost share requirement based on financial hardship. This program does not have MOE requirements.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

The performance period for brownfields assessment and cleanup grant funds is three years. The performance period for brownfields revolving loan fund grants is generally five years. Grants are generally announced nationally and awarded by EPA Regional Offices. The Regional Offices work with the applicants to negotiate a workplan and award the cooperative agreement. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: These grants are generally awarded as a lump sum.

Post Assistance Requirements

Reports

No program reports are required.

No cash reports are required.

Quarterly progress reports, property profiles, notification of significant development, property inventory reports, procurement reports, a final report and financial reports may be required if authorized by 2 CFR Parts 200 and 1500 (specifically, 200.328 monitoring and reporting program performance).

Quarterly progress reports are generally required as part of the terms and conditions of the cooperative agreement.

Expenditure information should be provided in the progress reports.

Performance monitoring is in accordance with the terms and conditions of the cooperative agreement.

Audits

In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503. Grants and cooperative agreements are subject to inspections and audits by the Comptroller General of the United States, the EPA Office of Inspector General, other EPA staff, or any authorized representative of the Federal government. Reviews by the EPA Project Officer and the Grants Specialist may occur each year. In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-federal entities that expend $750,000 or more in a year in Federal awards shall have a single or a program specific audit conducted for that year. Non-federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503.

Records

Record Retention Requirements of 2 CFR 200 and 1500 are applicable, depending upon the identity of the recipient and the program funded.

Financial Information

Account Identification

68-0103-0-1-304.

Obigations

(Cooperative Agreements) FY 16 Not Available; FY 17 est $0; and FY 18 est $50,000 - An estimated $50,000,000 will be available in FY 2018.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

Range and Average of Financial Assistance: (1) For assessment grants, an eligible entity may apply for up to $200,000 to address sites contaminated by hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants (including hazardous substances co-mingled with petroleum) and up to $200,000 to address sites contaminated by petroleum;, most applicants receive this amount. Applicants may request a waiver of the $200,000 limit up to $350,000 for sites contaminated by hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants (including hazardous substances co-mingled with petroleum) and up to $350,000 to address sites contaminated by petroleum. Waiver requests must be based on the anticipated level of contamination, size, or ownership status of the site. These limits are mandatory under CERCLA 104(k)(4)(A). A coalition of eligible entities may apply for up to $1,000,000 to address sites contaminated by hazardous substances or petroleum on a community-wide basis. (2) For revolving loan fund grants, an eligible entity may apply for up to $1,000,000 for an initial RLF grant. This limit is mandatory under CERCLA 104(k)(4)(A). In addition, coalitions of eligible entities may apply together under one recipient for up to $1,000,000 per eligible entity. (3) For cleanup grants, an eligible entity may apply for up to $200,000 per site. The $200,000 per site limit is mandatory under CERCLA 104(k)(3)(A). Approximate average financial assistance is $200,000 for cleanup grants, $200,000 for assessment grants and $1 million per entity for revolving loan fund grants.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

For brownfields assessment, revolving loan fund, and cleanup grants, costs will be determined in accordance with 2 CFR 200 and 1500 as applicable. The Agency will periodically publish guidance for brownfields grant proposals.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

See Regional Agency Offices. Regional Brownfields Coordinators: EPA Region 1, New England, Frank Gardner, 5 Post Office Square Ste 100, Mail Code: OSRR7-2, Boston, MA 02109-3912, Phone (617) 918-1278, Fax (617) 918-1291, gardner.frank@epa.gov; EPA Region 2, Lya Theodoratos, 290 Broadway, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10007, Phone (212) 637-3260, Fax (212) 637-4360, theodoratos.lya@epa.gov; EPA Region 3, Tom Stolle, 1650 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103, Phone (215) 814-3129, Fax (215) 814-5518, stolle.tom@epa.gov; EPA Region 4, Barbara Alfano, Sam Nunn Atlanta Federal Center, 61 Forsyth Street S.W., 10th Floor, Atlanta, GA 30303, Phone (404) 562- 8923, Fax (404) 562-8628, alfano.barbara@epa.gov; EPA Region 5, Gary Schafer,77 West Jackson Boulevard, Mail Code: SE-7J Chicago, Illinois 60604-3507,Phone (312) 353-8827, Fax (312) 353-8227,schafer.gary@epa.gov; EPA Region 6, Mary Kemp, First Interstate Bank Tower at Fountain Place, 1445 Ross Avenue, Suite 1200 (6SF-VB, Dallas, Texas 75202-2733, Phone (214) 665-8358, Fax (214) 665-6660, kemp.mary@epa.gov; EPA Region 7, Susan Klein, 11201 Renner Blvd, Lenexa, Kansas 66219, Phone (913) 551-7786, Fax (913) 551-8688, klein.susan@epa.gov; EPA Region 8, Dan Heffernan, 1595 Wynkoop Street (EPR-B), Denver, Colorado 80202-1129, Phone (303) 312-7074, Fax (303) 312-6067, heffernan.daniel@epa.gov; EPA Region 9, Noemi Emeric-Ford, 600 Wilshire Blvd, Suite 1460, Los Angeles, California 90017, Phone (213) 244-1821, Fax (213) 244-1850, emeric-ford.noemi@epa.gov; EPA Region 10, Susan Morales, 1200 Sixth Avenue, Seattle, Washington 98101, Phone (206) 553-7299, Fax (206) 553-0124, morales.susan@epa.gov.

Headquarters Office

David Lloyd, Office of Brownfields and Land Revitalization, OSWER, EPA, Washington, District of Columbia 20460 Email: Lloyd.DavidR@epa.gov Phone: (202) 566-2777.

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

This is a competitive grant program. The evaluation and selection criteria for competitive awards under this CFDA description will be described in the competitive announcement. Selection criteria will be outlined in the proposal guidelines and will be based on a system that includes the following ten statutory ranking criteria:(i) The extent to which a grant will stimulate the availability of other funds for environmental assessment or remediation, and subsequent reuse, of an area in which one or more brownfield sites are located.(ii) The potential of the proposed project or the development plan for an area in which one or more brownfield sites are located to stimulate economic development of the area on completion of the cleanup.(iii) The extent to which a grant would address or facilitate the identification and reduction of threats to human health and the environment, including threats in areas in which there is a greater-than-normal incidence of diseases or conditions (including cancer, asthma, or birth defects) that may be associated with exposure to hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants.(iv) The extent to which a grant would facilitate the use or reuse of existing infrastructure.(v) The extent to which a grant would facilitate the creation of, preservation of, or addition to a park, a greenway, undeveloped property, recreational property, or other property used for nonprofit purposes.(vi) The extent to which a grant would meet the needs of a community that has an inability to draw on other sources of funding for environmental remediation and subsequent redevelopment of the area in which a brownfield site is located because of the small population or low income of the community.(vii) The extent to which the applicant is eligible for funding from other sources.(viii) The extent to which a grant will further the fair distribution of funding between urban and nonurban areas.(ix) The extent to which the grant provides for involvement of the local community in the process of making decisions relating to cleanup and future use of a brownfield site.(x) The extent to which a grant would address or facilitate the identification and reduction of threats to the health or welfare of children, pregnant women, minority or low-income communities, or other sensitive populations. In addition, applicants will be required to demonstrate that site specific activities are carried out at sites that meet the definition of a Brownfields site at CERCLA 101(39).



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