Environmental Remediation and Waste Processing and Disposal

The Environmental Management Research and Development Program provides for the development of technologies to safely expedite tank waste processing and tank closure, remediation of contaminated groundwater and soil, disposition of nuclear materials and spent (used) nuclear fuel, and deactivation and
decommissioning of contaminated excess facilities.
The Environmental Management Research and Development program transforms science and innovation into practical solutions for environmental cleanup.

The new technologies will transform the Environmental Management cleanup effort by reducing risk (technological, environmental, safety, and health), schedule, and cost.

The Environmental Management
Research and Development program focuses on resolving technical challenges with an overall emphasis on transformational technical solutions in response to the highest priority needs of Environmental Management sites.

Applied engineering and research demonstrating the technical feasibility of high-risk, high-payoff technologies are included.

The Environmental Management Research and Development program matures technologies from concept/basic science through feasibility assessment and technology development (bench scale and scale-up testing and flow-sheet evaluation), then production-level demonstration, and finally to full deployment.

Agency - Department of Energy

The Department of Energy's goal is to advance national, economic and energy security in the U.S.; to promote scientific and technological innovation in support of that goal; and to ensure environmental cleanup of the national nuclear weapons complex.

Website Address

http://www.em.doe.gov




Selected Recipients for this Program


RecipientAmount Start DateEnd Date
Srs Community Reuse Organization $ 1,000,000   2021-05-102026-05-08
Low-level Radioactive Waste Forum $ 96,000   2020-12-172025-12-16
Srs Community Reuse Organization $ 1,000,000   2020-08-102025-08-11
County Of Grand $ 40,000   2020-02-042025-02-03
Energy And Environment Cabinet $ 1,390,950   2020-01-012024-10-31
Energy And Environment Cabinet $ 1,448,050   2020-01-012024-10-31
Southern States Energy Board $ 200,000   2018-04-092023-04-07
Western Governors' Association $ 100,000   2018-04-092023-04-07
National Association Of Attorneys General $ 434,576   2014-10-312022-02-28
Water Resources Control Board, California $ 789,757   2017-08-012021-10-31



Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2016: Tank Waste ? Develop the technical basis to identify, evaluate, and recommend cost-effective and environmentally-acceptable strategies and technologies to characterize, mitigate, and manage Technetium-99 in tank waste, including removal of Technetium-99 processing recycle streams. ? Develop predictive tools to predict and demonstrate the performance of alternate waste forms, support the Cementitious Barrier?s Partnership, continue long-term glass studies, and develop improved capabilities such as computational fluid dynamic tools to optimize slurry mixing and transport waste loading including investigation and development of novel mixing methods. ? Pursue technical efforts to develop strategies and technologies to understand, evaluate, optimize scale, and accelerate tank waste characterization and continue development of targeted cleaning methods thus enabling waste processing and tank closure schedules to be accelerated and costs reduced. ? Identify, develop, evaluate, and demonstrate near-source tank separations, treatment and removal technologies for mercury and radionuclides of interest for possible development at the Hanford and/ or Savannah River Sites. ? Begin efforts to demonstrate that a commercially available ion exchange technology for removing Cs-137 can be technically modified to treat the Savannah River Site highly radioactive waste tanks. Use of the technology will accelerate tank closure. Nuclear Waste Management and Disposition ? Build on previous aging management efforts to monitor safe storage of Spent Nuclear Fuel. New Technology will support requirements for NRC license. ? Conduct deep borehole field test. Soil and Groundwater Remediation ? Support the utilization of Advanced Simulation Capability for Environmental Management initially at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, the Savannah River Site, and the Nevada National Security Site. ? Test and demonstrate the multi-agency exit strategy for pump and treat systems. ? Complete pilot demonstration of a new paradigm for a long-term monitoring using master geochemical variables. ? Complete the initial laboratory-scale evaluations of in-situ stabilization methods for elemental mercury in soil. ? Complete the update of the conceptual model for mercury contamination at the Oak Ridge Reservation. Deactivation and Decommissioning ? Develop the prerequisite level of project plans to facilitate and initiate development of next generation remote and robotic platforms and smart tooling systems to improve efficiency of decontamination and demolition operations. ? Continue development/testing of the GrayQb 3-D Radiation Mapping Device to validate and provide real time intensity and location readouts. Develop and test automated digital non-destructive assay methods optimization resulting in near-real time defensible data. ? Develop and test advanced coatings and materials to significantly reduce/eliminate radiolysis effects in radiological waste containment bags. ? Conduct final testing and seek commercialization of incombustible agents and fixatives with delivery systems for remote decontamination operations. ? Develop, test and conduct a pilot project, installing reliable sensors and remote network systems for long-term monitoring of containment release and movement from permanently entombed D&D facilities. ? Continue with further application of the ISD Sensor Network at entombed and/or facilities awaiting entombment to establish data to augment the existing compliance monitoring network. Fiscal Year 2017: Tank Waste ? Develop the technical basis to identify, evaluate, and recommend cost-effective and environmentally-acceptable strategies and technologies to characterize, mitigate, and manage Technetium-99 in tank waste, including removal of Technetium-99 processing recycle streams. ? Develop predictive tools to predict and demonstrate the performance of alternate waste forms, support the Cementitious Barrier?s Partnership, continue long-term glass studies, and develop improved capabilities such as computational fluid dynamic tools to optimize slurry mixing and transport waste loading including investigation and development of novel mixing methods. ? Pursue technical efforts to develop strategies and technologies to understand, evaluate, optimize scale, and accelerate tank waste characterization and continue development of targeted cleaning methods thus enabling waste processing and tank closure schedules to be accelerated and costs reduced. ? Identify, develop, evaluate, and demonstrate near-source tank separations, treatment and removal technologies for mercury and radionuclides of interest for possible development at the Hanford and/ or Savannah River Sites. ? Begin efforts to demonstrate that a commercially available ion exchange technology for removing Cs-137 can be technically modified to treat the Savannah River Site highly radioactive waste tanks. Use of the technology will accelerate tank closure. Nuclear Waste Management and Disposition ? Build on previous aging management efforts to monitor safe storage of Spent Nuclear Fuel. New Technology will support requirements for NRC license. ? Conduct deep borehole field test. Soil and Groundwater Remediation ? Support the utilization of Advanced Simulation Capability for Environmental Management initially at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, the Savannah River Site, and the Nevada National Security Site. ? Test and demonstrate the multi-agency exit strategy for pump and treat systems. ? Complete pilot demonstration of a new paradigm for a long-term monitoring using master geochemical variables. ? Complete the initial laboratory-scale evaluations of in-situ stabilization methods for elemental mercury in soil. ? Complete the update of the conceptual model for mercury contamination at the Oak Ridge Reservation. Deactivation and Decommissioning ? Develop the prerequisite level of project plans to facilitate and initiate development of next generation remote and robotic platforms and smart tooling systems to improve efficiency of decontamination and demolition operations. ? Continue development/testing of the GrayQb 3-D Radiation Mapping Device to validate and provide real time intensity and location readouts. Develop and test automated digital non-destructive assay methods optimization resulting in near-real time defensible data. ? Develop and test advanced coatings and materials to significantly reduce/eliminate radiolysis effects in radiological waste containment bags. ? Conduct final testing and seek commercialization of incombustible agents and fixatives with delivery systems for remote decontamination operations. ? Develop, test and conduct a pilot project, installing reliable sensors and remote network systems for long-term monitoring of containment release and movement from permanently entombed D&D facilities. ? Continue with further application of the ISD Sensor Network at entombed and/or facilities awaiting entombment to establish data to augment the existing compliance monitoring network. Fiscal Year 2018: Program activities include: ? Continue to fund projects in that support innovations and enhancements in the areas of tank waste and nuclear waste management, soil and groundwater remediation, and deactivation and decommissioning activities. ? Provide additional funding in the areas of Technetium-99, mercury, Cesium-137 and Strontium-90, the creation and operation of test beds, and integration of advanced tooling for enhanced worker safety and productivity, as outlined below: Technetium-99 ? Validate Technetium-99 mass balance for integrated disposal facility acceptance ? Complete development of non-pertechnetate sensor ? Develop Technetium-99 biogeochemical remediation approaches Mercury ? Complete pre-demolition and demolition assessment for efficacy of debris sorting to segregate mercury-bearing waste ? Complete development of caps, reactive liners, and chemical amendments for mercury disposal cells Cesium-137 and Strontium-90 ? Start and complete Savannah River Site tank closure cesium removal demonstration project Test Bed: Low Activity Tank Waste Disposition ? Complete test bed for low activity waste at Hanford Enhanced Worker Safety (Science of Safety) ? Complete test bed to demonstrate robotics at Portsmouth for pipe inspection and other critical decommissioning work activities ? Start robotic test bed demonstration robotics at Savannah River Site H-Canyon air exhaust tunnel inspection.

Uses and Use Restrictions

Financial assistance is provided in support of the program objectives.

Restrictions on the use of funds depend on the provisions of the specific project agreement.

Applicants must meet the guidelines established by DOE or contained in the specific Congressional authorization for a particular program being supported.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Public, quasi-public, private industry, individuals, groups, educational institutions, organizations, and nonprofit organizations may apply including State or local level governments, federally recognized Indian tribal governments, and institutions in U.S.

Territories and possessions may apply.

Determinations are made by DOE EM Headquarters or EM Field Offices, or both.

Beneficiary Eligibility

States, affected Indian tribes, regional organizations, (including U.S. Territories) local governments, and the public will benefit.

Credentials/Documentation

Cost will also be determined in accordance with OMB Circular No. A-21 for institutions of higher education or as otherwise defined in the financial assistance instrument. 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Preapplication coordination is not applicable.

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.

12372.

Application Procedures

This program is excluded from coverage under 2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards. A formal proposal by the organization interested in doing the work must be submitted through an appropriate official of the corporate entity, organization, or institution. Financial assistance requests will be reviewed pursuant to the Office of Environmental Management Merit Review System (May 5, 1991) and the DOE Financial Assistance Manual, as amended.

Award Procedures

Award decisions may be made by DOE Headquarters throughout the fiscal year.

Deadlines

Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.

Authorization

Hazardous Materials Transportation Uniform Safety Act of 1990, Public Law 101-615; Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977, as amended, Public Law 96-573; Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act, Public Law 99-240; Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, Public Law 93-438; Atomic Energy Act of 1954, Section 31, as amended, Public Law 83-703.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

The approximate approval/disapproval time is from 2 months to 1 year.

Appeals

Not Applicable.

Renewals

From 120 to 180 days. Proposals for renewal are subject to review and acceptance by DOE Headquarters, the field, or both.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

This program has no statutory formula. Matching Requirements: Match requirements will be determined depending upon the award. MOE requirements are not applicable to this program.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Length and time phasing of assistance will vary with the program phase and activity. The maximum term of an award is 5 years. Method of awarding/releasing assistance: lump sum.

Post Assistance Requirements

Reports

Program reports are not applicable.

Cash reports are not applicable.

At a minimum annual progress reports are required.

Frequency of progress reports will be determined at time of award.

Expenditure reports will be required.

The type and frequency will be determined at time of award.

Performance monitoring will be determined at time of award.

Audits

In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503. Costs incurred are subject to audit throughout the contract or grant period and before final close-out. The extent and frequency of audits depend on the size of the contract/grant and the specific contract/grant provisions.

Records

A grantee is expected to maintain auditable records to substantiate the total costs incurred under the grant or cooperative agreement. In addition, if cost sharing is required, the grantee is also expected to maintain auditable records for the cost sharing portion of the award.

Financial Information

Account Identification

89-0240-0-1-053; 89-0242-0-1-053.

Obigations

(Cooperative Agreements) FY 16 $15,924,295; FY 17 est $20,322,210; and FY 18 est $20,000,000

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

No Data Available.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

Not Applicable.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

None.

Headquarters Office

Latrincy M. Bates Office of Subsurface Closure, EM-4.1.2 1000 Independence Ave., SW , Washington, District of Columbia 20585 Email: latrincy.bates@em.doe.gov Phone: 301-903-7654

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Research must be beneficial to the overall accomplishment of the program objectives and consistent with the criteria of the EM Merit Review System (i.e., technically meritorious, qualified principal investigators, adequate facilities for conduct of the work, past experience and performance history).



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