Title I Grants to Local Educational Agencies

To help local educational agencies (LEAs) improve teaching and learning in high-poverty schools in particular for children failing, or most at-risk of failing, to meet challenging State academic standards.

Agency - Department of Education

The Department of Education ensures equal access to education and promotes educational excellence through coordination, management and accountability in Federal education programs. The Department works to supplement and complement educational efforts on all levels, encouraging increased involvement by the public, parents and students.

Selected Recipients for this Program

RecipientAmount Start DateEnd Date
The Cherokee Nation $ 35,062,275   2019-07-012023-09-30
Choctaw Nation Of Oklahoma $ 17,596,009   2019-07-012023-09-30
Miccosukee Corporation $ 7,856,938   2012-07-012023-09-30
Education, Connecticut Department Of $ 153,914,741   2021-07-012022-09-30
Education, New Hampshire Department Of $ 43,995,985   2021-07-012022-09-30
Elementary And Secondary Education, Massachusetts Department Of $ 259,045,775   2021-07-012022-09-30
Department Of Education Of Puerto Rico $ 413,911,156   2021-07-012022-09-30
Maryland State Department Of Education $ 282,884,266   2021-07-012022-09-30
District Of Columbia, Government Of $ 48,926,745   2021-07-012022-09-30
Education, Iowa Department Of $ 102,836,824   2021-07-012022-09-30

Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2016: No Current Data Available. Fiscal Year 2017: No Current Data Available. Fiscal Year 2018: No Current Data Available

Uses and Use Restrictions

Use of funds varies, depending on whether a school is operating a schoolwide program under Section 1114 of the ESEA or a targeted assistance program under Section 1115 of the ESEA.

A school with at least a 40 percent poverty rate may choose to operate a schoolwide program under Section 1114, which allows Title I funds to be combined with other Federal, State, and local funds to upgrade the school's overall instructional program in order to raise the achievement of the lowest-achieving students; a school that does not meet the 40 percent poverty threshold may also operate a schoolwide program if it receives a waiver to do so from the State educational agency (SEA).

All other participating schools must operate a targeted assistance program, which provides extra instruction to those children failing, or most at risk of failing, to meet challenging State academic standards.

Title I funds must be used only to supplement the State and local funds that would, in the absence of Title I funds, be made available for the education of participating students, and not to supplant such funds.

This program is subject to non-supplanting requirements and must use a restricted indirect cost rate which is referenced under 34 CFR 76.564-76.569.

For assistance call the Office of the Chief Financial Officer/Indirect Cost Group on (202) 708-7770.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

SEAs including for the Outlying Areas and the Secretary of the Interior.

Local educational agencies (LEAs) and Indian tribal schools are subgrantees.

Beneficiary Eligibility

In a targeted assistance program, children who are failing, or most at risk of failing, to meet challenging State academic standards. In a schoolwide program, all children in the school.


2 C.F.R. Part 225 formerly. 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Preapplication coordination is not applicable.

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.


Application Procedures

2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. 2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. SEAs apply for funds as part of Title I, Part A, State plans submitted to the Department of Education in accordance with Section 1111 of the ESEA or as part of a consolidated State plan submitted under Section 8302 of the ESEA. The plan remains in effect for the duration of the SEA's participation in Title I, Part A, but must be updated to reflect substantive changes. Participating LEAs must file an approved plan with their SEAs.

Award Procedures

The Department of Education (ED) makes grants through SEAs to LEAs using four statutory formulas based primarily on Census Bureau estimates of the number of children from low-income families in each LEA and State per pupil expenditures.


Not Applicable.


Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA), as amended, Title I, Part A, 20 U.S.C 6301 et seq.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Not Applicable.


If an LEA's plan is disapproved by the SEA, the LEA may appeal to the SEA and then to the Department of Education under Section 432 of the General Education Provisions Act (GEPA).


Not Applicable.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Statutory Formula: Title I, Part A. The statute includes four separate formulas for allocating Title I Grants to LEAs. Under the statute, Basic and Concentration Grants are funded approximately at the 2001 appropriation level. Basic Grants are allocated to almost all LEAs based on each State's per-pupil expenditure for education and the number of school-aged children from low-income families. Concentration Grants are allocated to LEAs having more than 6,500 children from low-income families or a poverty rate of more than 15 percent. In addition, funds appropriated in excess of the fiscal year 2001 level are to be allocated as Targeted Grants, which make higher payments to LEAs with higher numbers or percentages of poor children. The law also includes a separately authorized Education Finance Incentive Grants formula, which incorporates factors designed to measure a State's commitment to provide sufficient education funding, as well as how equitably that funding is distributed across districts. Allocations from all four formulas are combined into a single award to eligible LEAs. Within LEAs, funds are targeted to schools with the greatest percentages of poor children. Matching requirements are not applicable to this program. This program has MOE requirements, see funding agency for further details. The maintenance-of-effort requirements for SEAs in section 1125A(e) and for LEAs in section 8521 of the ESEA apply to Title I, Part A.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Generally, awards to SEAs are made on July 1 and October 1 of the following fiscal year. In addition, funds remain available to SEAs and LEAs for an additional fiscal year for obligation and expenditure under section 421(b) of GEPA, subject to the carryover limitation of section 1127 of the ESEA. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Contact program office.

Post Assistance Requirements


SEAs submit annual performance reports.

Cash reports are not applicable.

Progress reports are not applicable.

Expenditure reports are not applicable.

Performance monitoring is not applicable.


In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503.


In accordance with section 443(a) of the General Education Provisions Act, SEAs and LEAs must maintain certain program records for 3 years.

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Formula Grants) FY 16 $14,905,581,800; FY 17 est $15,458,802,000; and FY 18 est $14,876,458,000

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

The range of awards in FY 2016 is $7,330,628- $ 1,768,116,556. The average award is $261,505,579. The estimated range of awards in FY 2017 is $1,000,000 - $ 1,831,349,881. The estimated average award is $266,462,103. The estimated range of awards in FY 2018 is $8,269,186 - $1,769,555,590. The estimated average award is $260,990,491.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

34 CFR 200. For Title I guidance and other information, contact the program office.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office


Headquarters Office

Patrick Rooney Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, District of Columbia 20202 Email: patrick.rooney@ed.gov Phone: (202)453-5514

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Not Applicable.

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