Impact Aid

To provide financial assistance to local educational agencies (LEAs) where affected by Federal activities, i.e., where the tax base of a district is reduced through the Federal acquisition of real property (Section 7002, ESEA), and where the presence of certain children living on Federal property places
a financial burden on the LEAs that educate them (Sections 7003 and 7007, ESEA).

Agency - Department of Education

The Department of Education ensures equal access to education and promotes educational excellence through coordination, management and accountability in Federal education programs. The Department works to supplement and complement educational efforts on all levels, encouraging increased involvement by the public, parents and students.

Selected Recipients for this Program

RecipientAmount Start DateEnd Date
Puyallup School District $ 19,345   2024-09-30
Underwood Public School District 8 $ 25,185   2024-09-30
Killeen Independent School District $ 45,785,189   2024-09-30
Geary County Unified School District #475 $ 23,871,539   2024-09-30
Education, Hawaii State Department Of $ 22,199,366   2024-09-30
El Paso County School District 8 $ 19,940,994   2024-09-30
Education And Early Development, Alaska Department Of $ 18,268,639   2024-09-30
Gallup-mc Kinley County Public School District #1 (inc) $ 18,098,324   2024-09-30
Whiteriver Unified School District 20 $ 14,442,501   2024-09-30
Central Consolidated School Dist #22 $ 13,768,004   2024-09-30

Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2016: No Current Data Available. Fiscal Year 2017: No Current Data Available Fiscal Year 2018: No Current Data Available

Uses and Use Restrictions

Under formula awards, most assistance becomes part of the general operating fund of the LEAs.

Districts usually deposit the Federal payment in the general operating funds account in accordance with State laws, together with all State and local funds available for current operating expenses and use this combined account to finance the school program in the district.

Special additional payments made to LEAs related to enrollments of federally connected children with disabilities must be used for programs and projects designed to meet the special educational and related needs of these children.

Payments for construction may be used for construction and renovation, debt service, or other capital fund activities.

Under discretionary construction awards, funds must be used for the project grant described in the application and grant award notification.

The discretionary construction grant program is subject to non-supplanting requirements and must use a restricted indirect cost rate which is referenced under 34 CFR 76.564-76.569.

For assistance call the Office of the Chief Financial Officer/Indirect Cost Group on 202-708-7770.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Local educational agencies that provide free public elementary or secondary education may apply.

Under Section 7002, generally, assistance is provided to districts where an aggregate of 10 percent or more of the assessed valuation of all real property in the school district as of the time(s) of acquisition has been acquired by the Federal Government since 1938 and the district is not being substantially compensated by revenue from activities on the eligible Federal property.

Under Section 7003, assistance is provided to districts where at least three percent or 400 of the total number of eligible federally connected children in average daily attendance (ADA) live on Federal property including Indian lands and/or have a parent who works on Federal property or is on active duty in the uniformed services.

Under Section 7007(b), 'heavily impacted' LEAs that enroll a high proportion (at least 40 percent) of federally connected children, or have little or no funding capacity, may be eligible for a competitive construction award.

Beneficiary Eligibility

Public elementary and secondary school children benefit.


Costs will be determined in accordance with OMB Circular No. A-87 for State and local governments. 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Preapplication coordination is not applicable.

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.


Application Procedures

This program is excluded from coverage under 2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards. Applications are submitted to the Secretary of Education and a copy is sent to the State educational agency (SEA). Applications become available on the Department's e-Grants web site annually, typically in mid November. Applications must show the membership of federally connected children on the survey date chosen by the school district within the period prescribed by the Secretary.

Award Procedures

Funds are generally made available when an appropriation is made.


Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.


Elementary and Secondary Education Act (OESE), as amended, Title VII.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Contact the Program Office for this information.


An administrative law hearing is available for any LEA or State adversely affected by any action of the Secretary. The hearing must be requested under the time frame included under the program regulations.


Not Applicable.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Statutory Formula: Title VII, Sections 7002, 7003, and 7007(a). Matching Requirements: Under Section 7002, payments are determined under a statutory formula that considers the assessed valuation of the property acquired by the Federal government and the LEA's local tax rate for current expenditures. Under Section 7003, payments are determined under a statutory formula that considers the average daily attendance of federally connected students for the previous year, the per-pupil expenditure average from the third preceding year, the weight in the statute attached to certain categories of federally connected students, the total current expenditures of the LEA, and the total membership of the LEA. Under Section 7007(a), payments are determined under a statutory formula that considers the average daily attendance of children living on Indian lands and dependents of the military living on and off base. Under Section 7007(b), payments are awarded on a competitive basis to certain eligible LEAs that receive Impact Aid. This program does not have MOE requirements.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Payments are made annually to eligible LEAs. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: This information is included in award documents.

Post Assistance Requirements


No reports are required.


In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503. The program staff conducts mail-in or on-site reviews to verify application data and collect additional required information.


In accordance with the General Education Provision Act and program regulations, an LEA generally must retain records supporting its payment amount for 3 years after the last payment for a fiscal year.

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Formula Grants) FY 16 $1,233,955,000; FY 17 est $1,237,549,000; and FY 18 est $1,214,236,000 - This is specific to Section 7003 & 7007(a). (Formula Grants) FY 16 $66,813,000; FY 17 est $66,813,000; and FY 18 est $66,813,000 - This is specific to Section 7002, Federal Property Payments. (Project Grants (Discretionary)) FY 16 $0; FY 17 est $17,406,000; and FY 18 est $17,373,000 - This is specific to Section 7007(b).

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

For FY 2017, the estimated range of awards for Basic Support payments is expected to be between $150-$56,000,000 with an average award of $1,100,000; for Payments for Children With Disabilities, the estimated range of awards is expected to be between $500-$1,200,000 with an average award of $57,000.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

Regulations are included in 34 CFR 222.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office


Headquarters Office

Alfred Lott Department of Education, OESE Impact Aid Programs, 400 Maryland Ave., SW, Rm. 3E105, Washington, District of Columbia 20202 Email: Phone: (202) 260-3858

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Payments are computed on the basis of the statutory formula. Payments are prorated if appropriations are insufficient.

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