Child Support Enforcement

To enforce the support obligations owed by absent parents to their children, locate absent parents, establish paternity, and obtain child, spousal and medical support.

Agency - Department of Health and Human Services

The Department of Health and Human Services is the Federal government's principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services, especially to those who are least able to help themselves.

Office - See Regional Agency Offices.

Regional Representative, Department of Health and Human Services.

(See Appendix IV of the Catalog for addresses and telephone numbers.).

Selected Recipients for this Program

RecipientAmount Start DateEnd Date
Bear River Band Of Rohnerville Rancheria $ 499,883   2021-02-012023-01-31
Eastern Band Of Cherokee Indians $ 1,117,067   2021-10-012022-09-30
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe - White Earth Band $ 1,031,886   2021-10-012022-09-30
Kickapoo Tribe Of Oklahoma $ 500,198   2021-10-012022-09-30
Keweenaw Bay Indian Community $ 564,095   2021-10-012022-09-30
Lac Du Flambeau Band Of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians $ 661,950   2021-10-012022-09-30
The Coeur D'alene Tribe $ 658,460   2021-10-012022-09-30
The Tulalip Tribes Of Washington $ 1,373,998   2021-10-012022-09-30
The Cherokee Nation $ 2,714,241   2021-10-012022-09-30
Penobscot Indian Nation $ 503,222   2021-10-012022-09-30

Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2016: 54 grants were awarded to States and Territories. Fiscal Year 2017: 54 grants are expected to be awarded to States and Territories. Fiscal Year 2018: 54 grants are expected to be awarded to States and Territories.

Uses and Use Restrictions

States and some Tribes provide support enforcement services directly to individuals who are receiving federally-funded Foster Care Maintenance Payments, Medicaid, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) (or those who cease to receive TANF), and to individuals not otherwise eligible for such services.

TANF, Medicaid, and certain federally-funded Foster Care applicants or recipients must have assigned support rights to the State.

Non-TANF individuals other than those who cease to receive TANF and/or who provide authorization to the IV-D agency to continue support enforcement services, must have signed a written application for support enforcement services.

The State must provide services to locate absent parents, establish paternity and enforce support obligations.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

All States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, and Guam.

Each of these jurisdictions is required to establish or designate a single and separate State Child Support Enforcement Agency.

Tribes are eligible and we currently have fifty-nine tribal child support programs and four in the start-up phase.

Beneficiary Eligibility

The State must provide support enforcement services to: (1) All applicants for, or recipients of TANF, Foster Care Maintenance Payments, and Medicaid, for whom an assignment to the State of support rights has been made and who are in need of such services; (2) all individuals who cease to receive TANF; (3) individuals who provide authorization to the IV-D agency to continue support enforcement services; and (4) any other individual who is in need of such services and who has applied for them.


No Credentials or documentation are required. 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

State officials prepare and review state plans and amendments.

Regional Office staff are available for consultation or assistance in preparation of State plans and amendments.

The standard application forms, as furnished by Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) and required by Chapter II Part 200, must be used for this program.

High level State officials review State Plans and amendments before they are submitted.

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

This program is eligible for coverage under E.O.

12372, 'Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs.' An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.

Application Procedures

2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. Applications are made in the form of a State Plan, prepared in the format provided by the Office of Child Support Enforcement.

Award Procedures

States are awarded funds quarterly based on their estimates of funds needed to provide support enforcement services to individuals eligible under an approved Title IV-D State plan. These awards are made up of matching funds (Federal Financial Participation ? FFP), and incentive funds that states earn based on good or improved performance.


Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.


Social Security, Title IV, Part D, 42 U.S.C 1673-6103-6.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

From 60 to 90 days. State Plans and amendments submitted as new State Plans, and Plan amendments may require up to 90 days for approval.


From 30 to 60 days. The State may request reconsideration of plan disapproval or plan amendment disapproval within 60 days after that disapproval.


Once approved, State IV-D plans remain in effect until amended or revised.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Statutory Formula: Title IV-D, Public Law 94-46,94-88,94,365,95-30,95-59,95-171,95-598,96-178,96-265,96-272,96-611,97-35,97-248,98-369,98-378,100-485,101-508. Matching Requirements: States receive a 66 percent Federal Financial Participation (FFP). Federally recognized Indian tribes and Alaska Native organizations are eligible to apply for direct funding for child support programs. Those with approved applications receive 90 percent FFP of their program needs during the first three years and 80 percent FFP thereafter. Tribes also may apply for two-year start-up grants. There are currently fifty-nine tribal child support program grantees and four tribes receiving two-year start-up funding. This program does not have MOE requirements.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Federal funds are awarded quarterly on a fiscal year basis. The Electronic Transfer System is used for monthly cash draw from Federal Reserve Banks based on quarterly awards. Method of awarding/releasing assistance: by letter of credit.

Post Assistance Requirements


Periodic audits are made as part of recipient's systems of financial management and internal control in accordance with Public Law 98-502, the single Act of 1984.

Cash reports are done on Form SF-425.

Periodic reports are required on the progress of the programs.

Quarterly financial reports of administrative expenditures and child support collections and annual program reports including caseload data are required by OCSE.

Periodic audits are conducted.


In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503. In addition, grants and cooperative agreements are subject to inspection and audits by DHHS Inspector general and State Audit (private groups) and other Federal government officials. OCSE conducts data reliability of variables used to compute performance measures. These audits were mandated by The Child Support Performance and Incentive Act of 1998 (CSPIA).


The IV-D agency must maintain records necessary for the proper and efficient administration of the State IV-D plan.

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Formula Grants) FY 16 $3,399,123,428; FY 17 est $3,457,375,452; and FY 18 est $3,705,819,349

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

FY 2016, $3,932,304 to $467,926,802; $62,071,781, and FY 2017, from $3,999,694 to $475,945,835; $63,135,528, and FY 2018, from $4,287,108 to $510,146,876; and 67,672,390.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

45 CFR, Chapter III, 45 CFR 16, 45 CFR Part 75, 45 CFR 95, 45 CFR 213, 45 CFR 232.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

See Regional Agency Offices. Regional Representative, Department of Health and Human Services. (See Appendix IV of the Catalog for addresses and telephone numbers.).

Headquarters Office

Renee R. Jackson-Hebron 330 C. St. SW, 5th floor , Washington, District of Columbia 20201 Email: Phone: (202) 401-5101

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Not Applicable.

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