Promote the Survival and Continuing Vitality of Native American Languages

To provide financial assistance to eligible applicants for the purpose of promoting the survival and continued vitality of native languages.

This program area is divided into two categories: (1) Native Language Preservation and Maintenance and (2) Esther Martinez Immersion.

The Language

Preservation and Maintenance Grants are 12, 24 or 36-month projects that enable communities to conduct a broad range of projects including teacher credentialing, language instruction, language resource developments, language assessments, and other projects that support the communities? long-term language preservation goals.

The Esther Martinez Initiative Grants are 36-month projects that will be awarded to applicants that meet the statutory requirements for immersion projects with language nests or language survival schools in accordance with P.L.

Examples of Funded Projects

Fiscal Year 2016: Preservation and Maintenance Grantee: Sealaska Heritage Institute Project: Haa Shuka: Voices of our Ancestors through Our Elders, Current & Future Speakers Location: Juneau, Alaska Description: The goal of Haa Shuká is to increase Lingít, Xaad Kíl, and Sm'algyax apprentice proficiency by one sub-level.

The larger community goal is to increase the overall strength and vitality of their Heritage languages.

The organization is increasing the proficiency of language apprentices? written and verbal language skills through Community Language Learner teams, community language sessions, listening to audio/visual recordings, and intensive immersion.

Esther Martinez Immersion (EMI) Grantee: Wopanaak Language and Cultural Weetyoo, Inc.

Project: Mukayuhsak Weekuw: The Children's House, a Wopanaak-Montessori Location: Mashpee, Massachusetts Description: The project goal is to provide full-time language immersion through a Montessori-based language immersion school for students ages 7 and younger.

The project will train and certify four individuals in the Montessori Method to become full-time Montessori teachers, and also pilot and grow the immersion school in accepting up to at least 35 students in Grades Pre-K through 1.

Fiscal Year 2017: ANA intends to fund similar projects in FY 2017.

Fiscal Year 2018: ANA intends to fund similar projects in FY 2018.

Agency - Department of Health and Human Services

The Department of Health and Human Services is the Federal government's principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services, especially to those who are least able to help themselves.

Relevant Nonprofit Program Categories

Selected Recipients for this Program

RecipientAmount Start DateEnd Date
Thunder Valley Community Development Corporation $ 300,000   2022-07-012027-06-30
Central Council Tlingit And Haida Indian Tribes Of Alaska $ 300,000   2022-07-012027-06-30
Aaniiih Nakoda College $ 261,471   2022-07-012027-06-30
Clare Swan Early Learning Center $ 300,000   2022-07-012027-06-30
Salish School Of Spokane $ 300,000   2022-07-012027-06-30
Alliance Of Early Childhood Professionals $ 300,000   2022-07-012027-06-30
Kulaniakea $ 600,000   2021-09-302026-06-30
Aha Punana Leo Inc. $ 591,331   2021-09-302026-06-30
Confederated Tribes Of The Grand Ronde Community Of Oregon $ 496,960   2021-09-302026-06-30
Hearts Gathered $ 548,945   2021-09-302026-06-30

Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2016: 52 grants were awarded. In FY 2016 ANA funded 15 new awards (10 Preservation & Maintenance and 5 Esther Martinez Immersion), with 37 continuations. Fiscal Year 2017: 28 grants are estimated to be awarded. In FY 2017, ANA plans to fund 10 new awards (Seven Preservation & Maintenance and three Esther Martinez Immersion), and 18 continuations awards. Fiscal Year 2018: No current data available.

Uses and Use Restrictions

Grant awards under this program are for projects that contribute to the social development and self-sufficiency of native communities through the preservation and maintenance of Native American languages.

ANA recognizes that applicants have varying levels of capacity and knowledge for language preservation and maintenance techniques and programs.

Funds may be used for activities related to the preservation of Native American languages including: collecting and organizing data to assess a community's Native American language status; planning and implementing an immersion, master/apprentice, or distance learning model; training and certifying teachers, interpreters, or translators in a Native American language; developing, printing, and disseminating materials to be used for the teaching and enhancement of a Native American language.

This is a discretionary grant program.

Funding cannot be used for the following purpose or activities: purchase of real property, costs of organized fund raising, including financial campaigns, endowment drives, solicitation of gifts and bequests, similar expenses incurred solely to raise capital or obtain contributions, reimbursement of pre-award costs, and activities that qualify as major renovations and alterations.

Further details regarding ineligible applicants and activities can be found in the ANA regulations at 45 CFR 1336.33.

In addition, activities in support of any foreseeable litigation against the United States Government are unallowable per 45 CFR 75.435.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Federally-recognized Indian Tribes, as recognized by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Incorporated non-federally recognized Tribes Incorporated state-recognized Indian Tribes Consortia of Indian Tribes Incorporated nonprofit multi-purpose community-based Indian organizations Urban Indian Centers Alaska Native villages as defined in the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANSCA) and/or nonprofit village consortia Nonprofit native organizations in Alaska with village specific projects Incorporated non-profit Alaska Native multi-purpose, community-based organizations Non-profit Alaska Native Regional Corporations/Associations in Alaska with village-specific projects Non-profit Alaska Native community entities or tribal governing bodies (Indian Reorganization Act or Traditional Councils) as recognized by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Public and nonprofit private agencies serving Native Hawaiians, National or regional incorporated nonprofit Native American organizations with Native American community-specific objectives, Public and nonprofit private agencies serving native peoples from Guam, American Samoa, or the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Tribal Colleges and Universities, and colleges and universities located in Hawaii, Guam, American Samoa, or the Tribal Colleges and Universities, and colleges and universities located in Hawaii, Guam, American Samoa, or the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands which serve Native American Pacific Islanders.

Beneficiary Eligibility

American Indians, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, and Native American Pacific Islanders will benefit.


Non-profit organizations must submit proof of non-profit status. For applicants that are not Tribes or Native Alaska villages, organizations applying for funding must show that a majority of board members are representative of a Native American community to be served. Applicants must submit documentation that identifies each board member by name and indicates his/her affiliation or relationship to at least one of ANA?s four categories of community representation, which include: (1) members of federally or state-recognized tribes; (2) persons eligible to be a participant in, or beneficiary of, the project to be funded; (3) persons who are recognized by members of the eligible Native American community to be served as having a cultural relationship with that community; or (4) persons considered to be Native American as defined in 45 CFR § 1336.10 and Native American Pacific Islanders as defined in Section 815 of the Native American Programs Act. Applicants that do not include this documentation will be considered non-responsive, and the application will not be considered for competition. 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

All applicants must submit documentation demonstrating that the governing body of the organization on whose behalf the application is submitted approves the application?s submission to ANA for the current grant competition period.

Please see the funding opportunity announcement for more information.

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

This program is excluded from coverage under E.O.


Application Procedures

2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. ACF requires electronic submission of applications at Paper applications received from applicants that have not been approved for an exemption from required electronic submission will be disqualified from competitive review. Applicants that do not have an Internet connection or sufficient computing capacity to upload large documents to the Internet may contact ACF for an exemption that will allow the applicant to submit applications in paper format. See FOA for detailed information. For applicants that have received a waiver, Standard Forms, assurances, and certifications are available at the ACF Funding Opportunities Forms webpage at

Award Procedures

All funds are awarded directly to the grantees.


Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.


The Native American Programs Act of 1974, as amended by the Esther Martinez Native American Languages Preservation Act of 2006, as amended, Section 803(a) and (c) , Public Law 93-644, 42 U.S.C 2991b-3.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

From 120 to 180 days. Applicants will receive notice of approval/disapproval approximately 120 days after receipt of application.


Appeals are only available upon a finding of ineligibility for funding and are subject to ANA regulations at 45 CFR 1336.35 and HHS regulations in 45 CFR 16.


Other - Not Specified.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

This program has no statutory formula. Matching Requirements: Percent: 20%. The 20% match is required unless waived in accordance with criteria published in 45 CFR 1336.50. This program does not have MOE requirements.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Grantees may apply for non-competitive continuation support within a project period. Preservation and Maintenance projects can be 12, 24 or 36 months and Esther Martinez Immersion projects are 36-month grants. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Annually.

Post Assistance Requirements


No program reports are required.

Cash reports are not applicable.

ANA grantees are required to report project progress semi-annual using the Objective Progress Report (OPR) in the GrantSolutions system and report financial information using the SF-425 form.

Financial Status reports (SF-425) are required semi-annual.

ANA grantees are required to report project progress using the Objective Progress Report (OPR) (OMB No.

0970-0452, expiration date 06/30/2018) and the SF-425 on a semi-annual basis which are submitted electronically.

In addition, grantees will be required to submit an Annual Data Report (ADR) (OMB No.

0970-0475, expiration date 03/31/2019) to report project data once a year and at the end of the project period.

The SF-425 is also required to be submitted annually and at the end of the project period.

ANA reviews grantee semiannual and annual reports to determine whether the grantee is meeting its project goal and objectives and completing activities identified in the Objective Work Plan (OWP) as well as to evaluate project effectiveness.

If progress concerns are identified, ANA may require quarterly reports.

In addition, ANA is required to describe and measure the impact of funded projects, their effectiveness in achieving stated goals, their impact on related programs, and when feasible, to obtain the views of persons participating in and served by funded projects.

ANA carries out this requirement through review of grantee submitted reports and through the use of structured on-site interviews using a data collection tool (OMB No.

0970-0379, expiration date 07/31/2019).


In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503.


Financial records, supporting documents and all other related records pertinent to ANA grants must be maintained for a period of 3 years. If an audit is not completed by the end of 3-year period, or if audit findings have not been resolved, records shall be retained until resolution of the audit findings.

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Project Grants) FY 16 $12,377,590; FY 17 est $10,923,730; and FY 18 est $10,923,730

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

$100,000-$300,000. Average per Budget Period: $278,000.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

ANA regulations are published in 45 CFR 1336.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office


Headquarters Office

Carmelia Strickland Administration for Native Americans Administration for Children and Families Department of Health and Human Services 330 C. St, SW Switzer Building Mailstop 4126, Washington , District of Columbia 20201 Email: Phone: (877) 922-9262

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Specific criteria for selecting proposals for funding are stated in each funding opportunity announcement. In general, proposals are evaluated on the basis of relevance to program objectives as stated in the funding opportunity announcement, project viability, community support, reasonable cost estimates, and qualifications of applicant organization and personnel.

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