Disaster Grants - Public Assistance (Presidentially Declared Disasters)

To assist State, Tribal and local governments and eligible private non-profits in responding to and recovering from the devastating effects of disasters by providing assistance for debris removal, emergency protective measures and the repair, restoration, reconstruction or replacement of public facilities
or infrastructure damaged or destroyed as the result of federally declared disaster or emergencies.

Agency - Department of Homeland Security

The Department of Homeland Security has three primary missions: Prevent terrorist attacks within the United States, reduce America's vulnerability to terrorism and minimize the damage from potential attacks and natural disasters.

Office - See Regional Agency Offices.

See Appendix IV of the Catalog for a listing of addresses for FEMA's Regional Offices.
Website Address


Selected Recipients for this Program

RecipientAmount Start DateEnd Date
Miami, City Of $ 1,000,000   2019-07-142023-07-31
City Of Riverside $ 465,400   2019-07-142023-07-31
Oakland, City Of $ 1,915,028   2019-07-142023-07-31
Los Angeles, City Of $ 673,325   2019-07-142023-07-31
District Of Columbia, Government Of $ 6,227,456   2021-10-192022-09-30
Coushatta Tribe Of Louisiana $ 56,974   2021-10-192022-09-30
Poarch Band Of Creek Indians $ 1,972,502   2021-10-182022-09-30
Pueblo Of Acoma (inc) $ 194,119   2021-10-072022-09-30
Sisseton-wahpeton Oyate $ 1,232,766   2021-05-042022-09-30
Texas Division Of Emergency Management $ 1,890,605   2021-04-272022-09-30

Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2016: $6,374,140,477.53 Total projects = 15,440. Fiscal Year 2017: $3,738,941,530.00 estimated projects 21,643 estimated projects. Fiscal Year 2018: $6,000,000,000.

Uses and Use Restrictions

Restricted to Presidential-declared disasters or emergencies, such as an earthquake, hurricane, tornado, or wildfire.

Program activates only after issuance of a presidential declaration.

Public Assistance is awarded in the form of cost-shared grants to States, local governments, other political subdivisions such as special districts, federally recognized Indian tribal governments and Alaska Native villages or organizations, and certain eligible Private Non-Profit organizations.

A State is defined as any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of Northern Marianna Islands.

Following a Presidential declaration, grants may be made for: removal of wreckage and debris from private and public lands; performance of emergency protective measures; emergency transportation assistance; emergency communications; and permanent restoration of eligible facilities.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

State and local governments, other political subdivisions such as a special districts, federally recognized Indian tribal governments, Alaska Native villages or organizations, but not Alaska Native Corporations, and certain Private Non-Profit organizations in designated emergency or major disaster areas.

Beneficiary Eligibility

Eligible work must be required as a result of the disasters; be located in a designated emergency or major disaster area; and be the legal responsibility of the applicant.


Cost will be determined in accordance with FEMA Disaster Assistance Regulations, 44 CFR Part 206 and Part 13, and the FEMA Schedule of Equipment Rates. Grant awards will be determined in accordance with OMB Circulars No. A-102 and No. A-87 for States, local governments and Indian Tribes. Awards made to Institutions of Higher Education, Hospitals and other Non-Profit Organizations will be required to follow the requirements of OMB Circulars No. A-110 and No. A-21. 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

The State Governor makes a request for a Presidential declaration of an emergency or a major disaster through the FEMA Regional Director.

Requests for assistance must be made by the Governor in accordance with FEMA Disaster Assistance Regulations, 44 CFR 206.36, except as provided in Part 206.35(d) for emergency declarations involving primarily Federal responsibility.

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

This program is eligible for coverage under E.O.

12372, 'Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs.' An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.

Application Procedures

2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. A Presidential Disaster or Emergency Declaration must be issued, which is then followed by a Request for Public Assistance through the Governor's Authorized Representative to the Regional Director of FEMA.

Award Procedures

Funds are allocated from the President's Disaster Relief Fund for use in a designated emergency or major disaster area. The FEMA Regional Director approves grants from this allocation on the basis of project applications for eligible applicants. States are responsible for distributing funds to applicants. As a condition of receiving assistance under the Stafford Act, applicants are encouraged to take mitigation measures to reduce future losses from natural hazards.


Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.


Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, Public Law 93-288, 42 U.S.C 5121-5206.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

From 1 day to 6 weeks. A Request for Assistance must be submitted by the applicant at the Applicants' Briefing or within 30 days of designation of an emergency declaration or major disaster declaration for the Public Assistance Program.


Any determination made under the Public Assistance Program may be appealed. All appeals must be made through the State and the appropriate FEMA Regional Office listed in Appendix IV of the Catalog. The appeal deadlines are: 60 days from receipt of notification of the action being appealed.


Not Applicable.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Statutory Formula: Title Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, Chapter 42, Part 5121-5206, Public Law 93-288. Matching Requirements: Percent: 25%. The Federal share of the grant is not less than 75 percent with the State and local governments responsible for the remainder. MOE requirements are not applicable to this program.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

The length of the assistance period varies depending on the type of work or service. Reimbursement for small projects under $123,100 is made based on the Federal estimate of costs. For projects over the $123,100, reimbursement of actual eligible costs is made as the costs are incurred. The $123,100 limit is adjusted annually to reflect the Consumer Price Index. When purchase of insurance is required, the applicant is obliged to maintain the policy for the economic and useful life of the repairs or of the insured property, whichever is the lesser. Also, applicants must comply with Floodplain Management, Hazard Mitigation, Environmental, and Historic Preservation considerations. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Payment based on Project need. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Payment based on Project need.

Post Assistance Requirements


Progress status reports are required quarterly.

Refer to program guidance.

Refer to program guidance.

Refer to program guidance.

Refer to program guidance.


In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503.


Expenditure records and related documents must be retained for 3 years from the date the applicant's project application is closed.

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Project Grants) FY 16 $5,858,591,041; FY 17 est $3,738,941,530; and FY 18 est $6,000,000,000

Range and Average of Financial Assistance


Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

Federal Disaster Assistance Regulations, 44 CFR Part 205 for disasters and emergencies declared prior to November 23, 1988; Federal Disaster Assistance Regulations, 44 CFR Part 206 for disasters declared on or after November 23,1988; 'Public Assistance Guide,' FEMA 322 (formerly FEMA 286); 'Public Assistance Policy Digest,' FEMA 321; 'Public Assistance Applicant Handbook,' FEMA 323. See Public Assistance web page at http://www.fema.gov/government/grant/pa/index.shtm.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

See Regional Agency Offices. See Appendix IV of the Catalog for a listing of addresses for FEMA's Regional Offices.

Headquarters Office

Christopher Logan 500 C Street, S.W. , Washington, District of Columbia 20472 Phone: (202) 646-4136 or 1-800-621-3363

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Not Applicable.

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