Federal Disaster Assistance to Individuals and Households in Presidential Declared Disaster Areas

To provide financial assistance, and if necessary, direct services to individuals and households affected as a direct result of a Presidentially declared major disaster or emergency, who have uninsured or under-insured, necessary expenses and serious needs and are unable to meet such expenses or needs
through other means.

This program supports disaster recovery by providing the financial means or direct services to disaster survivors for Temporary Housing, Repair Assistance, Replacement Assistance, or Permanent or Semi-permanent Housing Construction in addition to financial assistance to address Other Needs.

Agency - Department of Homeland Security

The Department of Homeland Security has three primary missions: Prevent terrorist attacks within the United States, reduce America's vulnerability to terrorism and minimize the damage from potential attacks and natural disasters.

Office - See Regional Agency Offices.

See Appendix IV of the Catalog for a listing of addresses for FEMA's Regional Offices.
Website Address

http://www.FEMA.gov




Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2016: In FY 2016, $459,769,579.07 in awards were approved for IHP. Fiscal Year 2017: IHP awards for 2017 as of 04/01/2017 are $120,531,997.43. Fiscal Year 2018: Estimates are not available; cost are based on declared disasters.

Uses and Use Restrictions

Restricted to Presidential-declared disasters or emergencies, such as an earthquake, hurricane, tornado, wildfire, or flood, etc.

Program activates only after issuance of a presidential declaration.

Housing Assistance, either Financial or Direct, may be provided for the following: (1) Temporary Housing, (2) Home Repair, (3) Home Replacement and (4) Permanent or Semi-permanent Housing Construction.

Assistance not used for the specified purpose will be required to be returned.

Other Needs Assistance may be provided for: (1) Medical, (2) Dental, (3) Child Care, (4) Funeral, (5) Personal Property, (6) Transportation, and (7) Other Miscellaneous Expenses.

Assistance not used for the specified purpose will be required to be returned.

If the State is providing for other needs under Section 408(f) of the Stafford Act, please refer to CFDA 97.050.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Individuals and households, in areas declared an emergency or major disaster by the President, who have necessary expenses and serious needs they are unable to meet through insurance or other means, are eligible to apply for this program.

All needs must be caused by the disaster.

Basic conditions of eligibility include: the individual or a member of the household must be a citizen of the United States, a non-citizen national, or a qualified alien.

Housing Assistance: 1) Temporary Housing Assistance - proof of primary residence, proof of occupancy, disaster-caused displacement, and/or paid receipts for Rent or Lodging Expenses; 2) Repair - primary residence, proof of occupancy and ownership, disaster caused home damage; 3) Replacement - primary residence, proof of occupancy and ownership, home destroyed by the disaster; 4) Permanent or Semi-permanent Housing Construction - primary residence, proof of occupancy and ownership, disaster-caused home damage, home is located in an insular area outside the continental United States and in other locations in which no alternative housing resources are available, and types of temporary housing assistance are unavailable, infeasible, or not cost-effective.

Other Needs Assistance: 1) Medical: disaster-caused expenses, and/or paid receipts (bills) for medical treatment; 2) Dental: disaster-caused expenses, and/or paid receipts (bills) for treatment; 3) Child Care: disaster caused expenses; 4) Funeral: disaster-caused expenses, and/or paid receipts (bills) for services; 5) Personal Property: proof of ownership; disaster-caused personal property damage; 6)Transportation: proof of ownership, vehicle complies with State laws, disaster-caused vehicle damage; 7) Other Necessary Expenses and Serious Needs: the expense or need must be caused by the disaster and approved by FEMA.

Beneficiary Eligibility

Individual/Family; Homeowner (located within an area which has been designated as a disaster area by Presidential declaration).

Credentials/Documentation

FEMA Disaster Assistance Regulations at 44 CFR Part 206.110-120. 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Based on damage assessments and an agreement to commit state funds and resources to the long-term recovery, the State Governor or Indian Tribal Chief Executive makes a request (through the FEMA regional Director) for a Presidential Declaration for an emergency or major disaster.

Requests for assistance must be made in accordance with FEMA Disaster Assistance Regulations, 44 CFR 206, except as provided in Part 206.24(d) for emergency declarations involving primarily Federal responsibility.

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

This program is eligible for coverage under E.O.

12372, 'Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs.' An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.

Application Procedures

2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. Based on damage assessments and an agreement to commit state funds and resources to the long-term recovery, the State Governor or Indian Tribal Chief Executive makes a request (through the FEMA regional Director) for a Presidential Declaration for an emergency or major disaster. Requests for assistance must be made in accordance with FEMA Disaster Assistance Regulations, 44 CFR 206, except as provided in Part 206.24(d) for emergency declarations involving primarily Federal responsibility. Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

Award Procedures

A Presidential Disaster or Emergency Declaration must be issued before individuals and households can register an application for assistance with FEMA via a toll-free number or FEMA's Internet Application or by visiting a Disaster Recovery Center. Assistance for real property damages will not be awarded to individuals residing outside of the area declared as a disaster. Funds are allocated from the President's Disaster Relief Fund for use in a designated emergency or major disaster. Households receive assistance directly from FEMA or through the State or Tribe for Other Needs assistance.

Deadlines

Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.

Authorization

Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, as amended , Public Law 106-390, 42 U.S.C 5174.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Varies, in general 7-21 days. Generally, individual and household applications for disaster assistance must be filed within 60 days of the disaster declaration.

Appeals

Appeals of program decisions must be submitted in writing within 60 days of the date of the notification letter.

Renewals

None.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Statutory formulas are not applicable to this program. Matching Requirements: Percent: 25%. Housing - not applicable. Other Needs - FEMA or the State or Tribe may administer the Other Needs Assistance Program. The State or Tribe provides 25 percent of the funds for the total number of grants disbursed for the designated disaster. The Federal Government provides the remaining 75 percent of the costs for grant awards as well as the regulations, policies, and procedures that govern the program. States or Tribes may also receive up to 5 percent of the Federal share of the program for administrative costs. The Governor or Indian Tribal Chief Executive may request a loan of the State's or Tribe?s 25 percent share. MOE requirements are not applicable to this program.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Generally, one time grant assistance with a total assistance period not exceeding 18 months. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Payment based on Project need.

Post Assistance Requirements

Reports

No reports are required.

Audits

This program is excluded from coverage under 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements. Refer to program guidance.

Records

Internal program audits are conducted.

Financial Information

Account Identification

70-0702-0-1-453.

Obigations

(Project Grants) FY 16 $1,048,419,969; FY 17 est $522,659,206; and FY 18 Estimate Not Available - FY18: Estimates are not available; costs are based on declared disasters.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

FY 16: Range--$50 - $33,000; Average--$11,137.89 FY 17: Range--$50 - $33,300; Average--$7,384.04- as of 04/01/2017.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

Federal Emergency Assistance Regulations, 44 CFR 206.110-120.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

See Regional Agency Offices. See Appendix IV of the Catalog for a listing of addresses for FEMA's Regional Offices.

Headquarters Office

Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) 500 C Street, SW, Sixth Floor, Washington, District of Columbia 20472-3100 Phone: (202) 212-1000

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Not Applicable.



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