Presidential Declared Disaster Assistance to Individuals and Households - Other Needs

This program supports disaster recovery by providing financial assistance to disaster survivors who, as a direct result of a major disaster or emergency, have necessary expenses and serious needs that are unmet through insurance or other means.

Agency - Department of Homeland Security

The Department of Homeland Security has three primary missions: Prevent terrorist attacks within the United States, reduce America's vulnerability to terrorism and minimize the damage from potential attacks and natural disasters.

Office - See Regional Agency Offices.

See Appendix IV of the Catalog for a listing of addresses for FEMA's Regional Offices.
Website Address

Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2016: In FY 2016, $31,359,671.93 in awards were approved for ONA. Fiscal Year 2017: ONA awards for 2017 as of 04/01/2017 are $525,034.99. Fiscal Year 2018: No Current Data Available.

Uses and Use Restrictions

Restricted to Presidential-declared disasters or emergencies, such as an earthquake, hurricane, tornado, wildfire, flood, etc.

The Other Needs Assistance provision of the Individuals and Households Program activates only after issuance of a presidential declaration.

Other Needs Assistance may be provided for the following: 1) Medical, 2) Dental, 3) Child Care, 4) Funeral, 5) Personal Property, 6) Transportation, and 7) Other Miscellaneous Expenses.

Assistance not used for the specified purpose will be required to be returned.

If FEMA is administering the Other Needs Assistance, please refer to CFDA 97.048.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

Individuals and households, in areas declared an emergency or major disaster by the President, who have necessary expenses and serious needs they are unable to meet through insurance or other means, are eligible for Other Needs Assistance.

Basic conditions of eligibility include: the individual or a member of the household must be a citizen of the United States, a non-citizen national, or a qualified alien.

1) Medical: disaster-caused expenses, and/or paid receipts (bills) for medical treatment; 2) Dental: disaster-caused expenses, and/or paid receipts (bills) for treatment; 3) Child Care: disaster-caused expenses; 4) Funeral: disaster-caused expenses, and/or paid receipts (bills) for services; 5) Personal Property: proof of ownership, disaster- caused personal property damage; 6) Transportation: proof of ownership, vehicle complies with State laws, disaster-caused vehicle damage; and 7) Other Necessary Expenses and Serious Needs: the expense or need must be caused by the disaster and approved by FEMA.

Beneficiary Eligibility

Individual/Family; expenses/losses must have occurred within an area which has been designated as a disaster area by Presidential declaration.


FEMA Disaster Assistance Regulations at 44 CFR Part 206. 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Based on damage assessments and an agreement to commit state funds and resources to the long-term recovery, the State Governor or Indian Tribal Chief Executive makes a request (through the FEMA Regional Director) for a Presidential Declaration for an emergency or major disaster.

Requests for assistance must be made in accordance with FEMA Disaster Assistance Regulations, 44 CFR 206, except as provided in Part 206.24(d) for emergency declarations involving primarily Federal responsibility.

If the State or Tribe has selected the program for Review, an applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State or Tribe for more information on the process the State or Tribe requires to be followed in applying for assistance.

Environmental impact information is not required for this program.

This program is eligible for coverage under E.O.

12372, 'Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs.' An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.

Application Procedures

2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. A Presidential Disaster or Emergency Declaration must first be issued. To receive the grant, the State or Tribe must make an annual submission of the OMB form 010-1-11 (formerly 90-153).

Award Procedures

Funds are allocated from the President's Disaster Relief Fund for use in a designated emergency or major disaster. Households receive assistance directly from FEMA or the State or Tribe.


Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.


Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, as amended , Section 408, Public Law 106-390, 42 U.S.C 5174.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

7-21 days. Generally, individual and household applications for disaster assistance must be filed within 60 days of the disaster declaration.


Appeals of program decisions must be submitted in writing within 60 days of the date of the notification letter.


Not Applicable.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Statutory Formula: Matching Requirements: Percent: 25%. The State or Tribe provides 25 percent of the funds for the total number of grants disbursed for the designated disaster. The Federal Government provides the remaining 75 percent of the costs for grant awards as well as the regulations, policies, and procedures that govern the provision. States or Tribes may also receive up to 5 percent of the Federal share of the provision for administrative costs. The Governor or Indian Tribal Chief Executive may request a loan of the State's or Tribe?s 25 percent share. MOE requirements are not applicable to this program.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Generally, a one time assistance payment, with a total assistance period of no longer than 18 months. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Payment based on project need.

Post Assistance Requirements


Quarterly and final financial reports are required.

Refer to program guidance.

Refer to program guidance.

Refer to program guidance.

Refer to program guidance.

Refer to program guidance.


In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503. Internal program audits are conducted.


Expenditure records (receipts) and related documents must be retained by the recipient for 3 years from the date of payment.

Financial Information

Account Identification



(Direct Payments for Specified Use) FY 16 $26,368,942; FY 17 est $300,000; and FY 18 Estimate Not Available - FY18-Estimates are not available; costs are based on declared disasters.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

FY 16: Range--$50 - $33,000; Average--$3,885.25 FY 17: Range--$50 - $33,300; Average--$2,559.92- as of 04/01/2017.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

Emergency Assistance Regulations, 44 CFR 206.110-120.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

See Regional Agency Offices. See Appendix IV of the Catalog for a listing of addresses for FEMA's Regional Offices.

Headquarters Office

Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) 500 C Street, SW, Sixth Floor, Washington, District of Columbia 20472-3100 Phone: (202) 212-1000

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

Not Applicable.

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