This program was authorized by the NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 2007 (NIAA).
The NIAA was enacted in the wake of the April 2007 shooting tragedy at Virginia Tech.
The Virginia Tech shooter was able to purchase firearms from a Federal Firearms License (FFL) because information about
his prohibiting mental health history was not available to the NICS, and the system was therefore unable to deny the transfer of the firearms used in the shootings.
The NIAA seeks to address the gap in information available to NICS about such prohibiting mental health adjudications and commitments and other prohibiting factors.
Filling these information gaps will better enable the system to operate as intended to keep guns out of the hands of persons prohibited by federal or state law from receiving or possessing firearms.
The automation of records will also reduce delays for law-abiding gun purchasers.
The NIAA authorized this grant program to assist states in providing certain information to the NICS.