The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)defines sexual violence as a sexual act committed against someone without that persons freely given consent.
Sexual violence can include sexual harassment,sexual assault,and rape.
Sexual violence is divided into the following types:
Completed or attempted forced penetration of a victim Completed or attempted alcohol/drug-facilitated penetration of a victim Completed or attempted forced acts in which a victim is made to penetrate a perpetrator or someone else Completed or attempted alcohol/drug-facilitated acts in which a victim is made to penetrate a perpetrator or someone else Non-physically forced penetration which occurs after a person is pressured verbally or through intimidation or misuse of authority to consent or acquiesce Unwanted sexual contact Non-contact unwanted sexual experiences The CDC estimates 23 million women have experienced completed or attempted rape in their lifetimes.
Nearly 80% of female victims of completed rape or sexual assault reported the episode occurred before their 25th birthday, with 40% having experienced their first rape between the ages 18 and 2 4. Currently,one in five female college students report having been sexually assaulted.
Further,the Association of American Universities(AAU) published results in September 2015 from a new survey finding 23% of female undergraduate students have reported experiencing sexual assault since enrolling in college.
AAU surveyed over 150,000 students across 27 colleges and universities.
More than 20 percent of female undergraduates at an array of prominent universities said they were victims of sexual assault and misconduct this year.
Most often it happens her freshman or sophomore year by someone she knows, but it is not reported.
In most cases, the perpetrator is an acquaintance,classmate, friend or (ex) boyfriend of the victim, and she was drugged,drunk,passed out,or otherwise incapacitated.
There are approximately 3,000 four-year and 2,000 two-year colleges and universities in the U. S. Yet many post-secondary schools have no or limited policies and procedures in place to prevent sexual assault.
For this initiative,each grantee will:
Partner with organizations in position to influence policies and practices at post-secondary schools to disseminate sexual assaultpolicy information and prevention strategies; andPartner with a cadre of post-secondary schools to institute policies and practices, and prevention strategies that prevent sexual assaults from occurring.
Technical assistance for policy advancement should focus on 1)identifying the campus climate; 2)implementing bystander education and other prevention programs; and 3) effectively responding when a student is sexually assaulted.
Grantees will achieve their objectives for this funding opportunity with substantial involvement from OWH.
Actively participate in the development of prevention strategies and policies to ensure the inclusion of steps recommended by the White House Task Force on Campus Sexual Assault to:
1. Identify the scope of the problem on college campuses; 2. Help prevent sexual assault on campus; 3. Help schools respond effectively when a student is sexually assaulted; and 4. Improve the federal governments enforcement efforts, and make them more transparent.
Facilitate collaboration among grantees to share best practices and lessons learned.Partner in identifying platforms for dissemination of evidence-based results.